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Various phthalic acid esters (PAEs) have been used for a wide range of products. PAEs and their metabolites produce reproductive and developmental toxicities in laboratory animals. These findings have raised concern about the possibility of PAEs as contributors to reproductive and developmental adverse effects in humans. This paper focuses on PAE exposure(More)
Three female Crl:CD(SD) rats/group were dosed with single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNT) or multi wall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) four times by gavage at a total of 50 mg/kg bw or 200 mg/kg bw (four equally divided doses at one-hour intervals). Acute oral doses of SWCNT and MWCNT caused neither death nor toxicological effects, and thus the oral LD<inf>50(More)
Crl:CD(SD)rats were given 3-cyanopyridine by gavage at 0, 5, 30 or 180 mg/kg/day. Males were dosed for 42 days beginning 14 days before mating, and females for 40-53 days beginning 14 days before mating to day 3 of lactation, including throughout the mating and gestation periods. General toxicity, mainly liver damage, was observed in males at ≥30 mg/kg/day(More)
It is well known that intake of grapefruit juice affects the pharmacokinetics of various kinds of drugs. It has been reported that other citrus juices also interact with certain drugs. To re-evaluate citrus juice-drug interactions based on currently available evidence, a literature search was conducted for new and updated information since the grapefruit(More)
Male and female rats were fed a diet containing flame retardant hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) at 0, 150, 1500 or 15,000 ppm throughout the study beginning at the onset of a 10-week pre-mating period and continuing through the mating, gestation and lactation periods for two generations. The mean daily intakes of HBCD during the whole period of administration(More)
This study is a part of our series of studies of nonpatient, Japanese children. In total, 346 children were administered the Rorschach. Thirty-two children had fewer than 10 responses, 112 children had more than 10 but fewer than 14 responses, and 12 children were maladjusted or mentally retarded, for a total of 156. In this study, we analyzed the remaining(More)
2-(3',5'-Di-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole (DBHCB) is widely used as a UV absorber. In this study, the developmental toxicity of DBHCB was evaluated in rats. Pregnant rats were given DBHCB at 0, 62.5, 250, or 1000 mg kg(-1) day(-1) by gavage on days 5-19 of pregnancy. No deaths were observed in the pregnant rats of any group. No effect(More)
2-(3',5'-Di-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxyphenyl)-5-chlorobenzotriazole (DBHCB) is widely used as an ultraviolet (UV) absorber. In this study, the repeated dose and reproductive toxicity of DBHCB was evaluated in rats. Crj:CD(SD)IGS rats were given DBHCB by gavage at 0, 2.5, 25, or 250 mg/kg/d. Male and female rats were dosed beginning 28 d before mating, and each(More)
This study reports on brain activity induced by picture-based personality tests. Near-infrared spectroscopy is a newly developed, noninvasive technology in neuroimaging that can measure brain activity through blood volume changes. We measure the prefrontal cortex (Brodmann Area 10 [BA10]) activities of adolescents during the Rorschach (1921), the Rosenzweig(More)
A bovine colostral antibody against verotoxin (VT) 2 of Escherichia coli O157:H7 was administered orally to beagle dogs. The antibody remained in the dogs' small intestine for at least 2 h, whereas little serum antibody remained 1.5 h after administration. Furthermore, the antibody activity of secretory IgA did not change until 2 h after administration;(More)