Mariko Itoh

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Weather change has been known to influence the condition of patients with mood disorder. However, no animal studies have tested the influence of climatic factor on emotional impairment. In this study, we examined the effect of lowering barometric pressure (LP) in a climate-controlled room on immobility time in the forced swim test in rats, which is(More)
Several clinical studies have demonstrated a consistent relationship between changes in meteorological factors, particularly barometric pressure, and pain intensity in subjects with chronic pain. We have previously demonstrated that exposure to artificially low barometric pressure (LP) intensifies pain-related behaviors in rats with neuropathic pain. In the(More)
Secretion of activin A in Japanese monkeys and chimpanzees during pregnancy and early postpartum periods was investigated, and the results were compared with those in humans. Plasma activin A increased throughout pregnancy in Japanese monkeys, and the level was significantly higher in the third and fourth quarters than in the first quarter. After(More)
Figure 1. Multistepped optogenetics (MSO) and its application to neurons in a trigeminal ganglion (TGG). (A) Schematic outline of MSO. (B) Schematic diagram of the IR-LEGO microscopic system. An IR laser beam (1462 nm) was introduced into the IR-LEGO optical unit through an optical fiber. The irradiation duration was controlled by a shutter unit. (C) Dorsal(More)
Changes in the expression of estrogen-related substances in monkeys' brains at the menopausal transition, when estrogen deficit starts to occur, have not yet been examined thoroughly. In the present study, we immunohistochemically investigated the expression levels of estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) and aromatase (local estrogen synthesizing enzyme) in the(More)
In the present study, changes in localization of each inhibin subunit in the ovary were investigated during the estrous cycle of the golden hamster. The effect of LH surge on changes in localization in inhibin alpha subunit in the ovary was also investigated. Inhibin alpha subunit was localized in granulosa cells of various stages of follicles throughout(More)
Leptin is one of the most important factors linking nutrition and reproduction. In the present study, plasma concentrations of leptin during pregnancy and early lactation in the Japanese monkey were determined. Plasma concentrations of gonadotropins, immunoreactive (ir-)inhibin, and steroid hormones were also measured. Plasma concentrations of leptin(More)
Heat shock promoters are powerful tools for the precise control of exogenous gene induction in living organisms. In addition to the temporal control of gene expression, the analysis of gene function can also require spatial restriction. Recently, we reported a new method for in vivo, single-cell gene induction using an infrared laser-evoked gene operator(More)
In order to clarify the cellular source and forms of bioactive inhibin in male Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata), circulating concentrations of inhibin A and B, and immunohistochemical localization of inhibin subunits in testis were studied. Plasma concentrations of testosterone were also measured. The present study showed that inhibin B was clearly(More)
In order to determine the profiles and sources of inhibin A and inhibin B during pregnancy in Japanese monkeys, serum samples were collected from eight monkeys for measuring concentrations of both inhibins by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The term placenta was used for the localization of inhibin alpha-, betaA-, and betaB-subunits by(More)