Mariko Era

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 Acanthamoeba is found in seawater, fresh water, and soil and is an opportunistic pathogen that causes a potentially blinding corneal infection known as Acanthamoeba keratitis. The anti-amoeba activity of 9 fatty acid salts (potassium butyrate (C4K), caproate (C6K), caprylate (C8K), caprate (C10K), laurate (C12K), myristate (C14K), oleate (C18:1K),(More)
In spite of its central importance in research efforts, the relationship between seawater compounds and bacterial luminescence has not previously been investigated in detail. Thus, in this study, we investigated the effect of cations (Na(+) , K(+) , NH(4) (+) , Mg(2+) , and Ca(2+) ) and anions (Cl(-) , HCO(3) (-) , CO(3) (2-) , and NO(3) (-) ) on the(More)
In this study, we investigated the relationship between MgSO(4) and luminescence in Vibrio fischeri under nutrient-starved conditions. When V. fischeri was cultured in an artificial seawater medium, the luminescence intensity was low relative to that observed under normal growth conditions. It decreased during the initial 14 h, and then increased slightly(More)
Bioluminescence is emitted by various living organisms, including bacteria. While the induction mechanism in marine luminescent bacteria, such as Vibrio fischeri and V. harveyi, has been well characterized, this mechanism has not been studied in detail in the non-marine luminescent bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens. Therefore, we investigated the effect of(More)
Fatty acid salts are a type of surfactant known to have potent antibacterial activity. We therefore examined the antibacterial activities of fatty acid salts against Streptococcus mutans. Potassium caprylate (C10K), potassium laurate (C12K), potassium myristate (C14K), potassium oleate (C18:1K), potassium linoleate (C18:2K), and potassium linolenate(More)
It has been proposed that selenium, an element chemically similar to sulfur, can participate in some of the same biological pathways as sulfur, although only a few studies have been confirmed this. In this study, we investigated the relationship between selenium and sulfur-dependent luminescence in Vibrio fischeri. The luminescence of V. fischeri was(More)
Despite the universal requirement for sulfur in living organisms, it is not known whether the luminescence of Vibrio fischeri is sulfur-dependent and how sulfur affects the intensity of its luminescence. In this study, we investigated the requirement for sulfur in V. fischeri luminescence under nutrient-starved conditions. Full induction of V. fischeri(More)
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