Marika Nosten-Bertrand

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Loss of oligophrenin1 (OPHN1) function in human causes X-linked mental retardation associated with cerebellar hypoplasia and, in some cases, with lateral ventricle enlargement. In vitro studies showed that ophn1 regulates dendritic spine through the control of Rho GTPases, but its in vivo function remains unknown. We generated a mouse model of ophn1(More)
Behavioral and biochemical studies suggest that dopamine (DA) plays a role in the reinforcing and addictive properties of drugs of abuse. Recently, this hypothesis has been challenged on the basis of the observation that, in mice genetically lacking the plasma membrane dopamine transporter [DAT-knock out (DAT-KO)], cocaine maintained its reinforcing(More)
Mice lacking the dopamine transporter (DAT-/-) are characterized by high extracellular dopamine levels and spontaneous hyperlocomotion. We performed a detailed analysis of the behavioural phenotype of DAT-/- mice in order to identify other behavioural impairments associated with the hyperdopaminergic tone of these mutant mice. In particular, we investigated(More)
The process of learning involves stable changes in synaptic efficacy for which long-term potentiation (LTP) provides a widely adopted mammalian model. Synaptic modification induced by learning or LTP may involve the action of cell adhesion molecules. One such candidate is the ubiquitous neuronal glycoprotein Thy-1. In mice in which the gene encoding Thy-1(More)
OBJECTIVE Although genetic factors have been implicated in the etiology of bipolar disorder, no specific gene has been conclusively identified. Given the link between abnormalities in serotonergic neurotransmission and bipolar disorder, a candidate gene association approach was applied to study the involvement of the monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) gene, which(More)
Failure to obtain convincing results in psychiatric genetics can partly be attributed to the fact that progress in molecular biology and genetic epidemiology has not been followed by an equivalent development in phenotypic description. Instead of relying entirely on classical nosological approaches, we argue that identifying more homogeneous forms of(More)
BACKGROUND Genes involved in the serotonin system are major candidates in association studies of suicidal behavior. In this case-control study we investigated whether the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene encoding the protein responsible for the reuptake of serotonin from the synapse after its release from serotonergic neurons is a susceptibility factor(More)
To explore the involvement of serotonin transporter (5HTT) in mood disorder, we studied two polymorphisms of the 5HTT gene (a variable number of tandem repeats in the second intron (VNTR) and a 44 bp insertion/deletion in the 5HTT linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR)) in a sample of unipolar and bipolar patients and controls. Homozygosity for the short(More)
The dopamine transporter (DAT) plays a critical role in calibrating the duration and intensity of dopamine (DA) neurotransmission. Mice in which the DAT gene has been genetically deleted exhibit constitutively high levels of extrasynaptic DA and spontaneous hyperactivity. Numerous studies have characterized the adaptive molecular, physiological, and(More)
Dopamine-mediated neurotransmission has been implicated in the modulation of synaptic plasticity and in the mechanisms underlying learning and memory. In the present study, we tested different forms of activity-dependent neuronal and behavioral plasticity in knockout mice for the dopamine transporter (DAT-KO), which constitute a unique genetic model of(More)