Marika Holland

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[1] Dramatic changes have been observed in the Arctic over the last century. Many of these involve the storage and cycling of fresh water. On land, precipitation and river discharge, lake abundance and size, glacier area and volume, soil moisture, and a variety of permafrost characteristics have changed. In the ocean, sea ice thickness and areal coverage(More)
To help understand the determinants of patient satisfaction following outpatient surgery, the authors developed a written survey instrument and administered it to more than 200 patients. The significant predictors of overall satisfaction were the courtesy of the staff and clinical quality. Overall satisfaction was also found to be a significant predictor of(More)
We investigate how sea surface temperatures (SSTs) around Antarctica respond to the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) on multiple timescales. To that end we examine the relationship between SAM and SST within unforced preindustrial control simulations of coupled general circulation models (GCMs) included in the Climate Modeling Intercomparison Project phase 5(More)
Mission statement “Promote cooperative international research enabling development of improved weather and environmental prediction services for the polar regions, on time scales from hours to seasonal”. Increased economic, transportation and research activities in polar regions are leading to more demands for sustained and improved availability of(More)
We investigate how sea surface temperatures (SSTs) around Antarctica 8 respond to the Southern Annular Mode (SAM) on multiple timescales. To that end 9 we examine the relationship between SAM and SST within unperturbed preindus10 trial control simulations of coupled general circulation models (GCMs) included 11 in the Climate Modeling Intercomparison(More)
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