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Automated segmentation approaches for the left ventricle (LV) in 3-D echocardiography (3DE) often rely on manual initialization. So far, little effort has been put into automating the initialization procedure to get to a fully automatic segmentation approach. We propose a fully automatic method for the detection of the LV long axis (LAX) and the mitral(More)
BACKGROUND A neuronavigation interface with extended function as compared with current systems was developed to aid during temporal bone surgery. The interface, named EVADE, updates the prior anatomical image and visualizes the bone drilling process virtually in real-time without need for intra-operative imaging. Furthermore, EVADE continuously calculates(More)
STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE To compare the relative contribution of the vertebral bodies and intervertebral discs with the 3-dimensional spinal deformity in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA There is an ongoing discussion about the causal role of skeletal growth processes in the etiopathogenesis of adolescent(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES We propose a semiautomatic endocardial border detection method for three-dimensional (3D) time series of cardiac ultrasound (US) data based on pattern matching and dynamic programming, operating on two-dimensional (2D) slices of the 3D plus time data, for the estimation of full cycle left ventricular volume, with minimal user(More)
Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is an excellent modality for real-time visualization of the heart and monitoring of interventions. To improve the usability of 3-D TEE for intervention monitoring and catheter guidance, automated segmentation is desired. However, 3-D TEE segmentation is still a challenging task due to the complex(More)
Mosaicing of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3-DE) images aims at extending the field-of-view of overlapping images. Currently available methods discard most of the temporal information available in the time series. We investigate the added value of simultaneous registration of multiple temporal frames using common similarity metrics. We(More)
We developed a semiautomatic method for tracking the mitral valve annulus (MVA) in echocardiographic images, in particular, tracking the septal and the lateral mitral valve hinge points. The algorithm is based on multidimensional dynamic programming combined with apodized block matching. The method was tested on single-beat apical four chamber image(More)
BACKGROUND Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) suffers from high interobserver and inter-institution variability in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. Therefore, we developed a three-dimensional (3D) analysis tool that makes it possible to anatomically align 3D rest and stress data systematically, to generate optimal, nonforeshortened standard(More)
The use of automated methods is becoming increasingly important for assessing cardiac function quantitatively and objectively. In this study, we propose a method for tracking three-dimensional (3-D) left ventricular contours. The method consists of a local optical flow tracker and a global tracker, which uses a statistical model of cardiac motion in an(More)
OBJECTIVES Volumetric magnetic resonance (MR)-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a completely noninvasive image-guided thermal ablation technique. Recently, there has been growing interest in the use of MR-HIFU for noninvasive ablation of malignant tumors. Of particular interest for noninvasive ablation of malignant tumors is reliable(More)