Marijke van Oosten

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Septic shock is the most common cause of death in intensive care units and no effective treatment is available at present. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is the primary mediator of Gram-negative sepsis by inducing the production of macrophage-derived cytokines. Previously, we showed that apolipoprotein E (apoE), an established modulator of lipid metabolism, can(More)
During sepsis the infiltration of leukocytes plays a pivotal role in tissue damage. Induction of septic shock results in an early accumulation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes in the liver (after 3 hours), which is followed by an infiltration of mononuclear phagocytes (after 30 hours). Expression of adhesion molecules may contribute to the migration of(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of severe lower respiratory tract infection in children. Severe RSV disease is related to an inappropriate immune response to RSV resulting in enhanced lung pathology which is influenced by host genetic factors. To gain insight into the early pathways of the pathogenesis of and immune response to RSV(More)
Epidermal keratinocytes constitute the most relevant cellular system in terms of DNA damage because of their continuous exposure to UV light and genotoxic chemicals from the environment. Here, we describe the establishment of long-term keratinocyte cultures from the skin of wild-type and nucleotide excision repair (NER) deficient mouse mutants. The use of(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection has been shown to be a risk factor for the development of allergy in humans and mice. The allergy-enhancing properties of RSV may be dependent on atopic background and an individual's history of RSV infection. We examined the influence of the timing of infection and prior inoculation with RSV in a mouse model of(More)
Previously, we reported genetic associations between severe respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) bronchiolitis in infants and polymorphisms in the interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-4 receptor alpha (IL-4Ralpha) genes, providing evidence for involvement of T helper type 2 cytokines in the pathogenesis of RSV bronchiolitis. We expanded our studies to polymorphisms in(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is cleared from the blood mainly by the liver. The Kupffer cells are primarily responsible for this clearance; liver endothelial and parenchymal cells contribute to a lesser extent. Although several binding sites have been described, only CD14 is known to be involved in LPS signalling. Among the other LPS binding sites that have(More)
The protective effect of verapamil on the free radical generation in the ischemic myocardium of rabbit has been studied. A significant decrease of the lactate dehydrogenase activity in the ischemic zone was observed compared to the nonischemic control myocardial tissue. The level of malondialdehyde was found to be elevated in the ischemic zone and in other(More)
Nucleotide excision repair (NER), cell cycle regulation and apoptosis are major defence mechanisms against the carcinogenic effects of UVB radiation. NER eliminates UVB-induced DNA photolesions via two subpathways: global genome repair (GGR) and transcription-coupled repair (TCR). In a previous study, we found UVB-induced accumulation of tetraploid (4N)(More)
This study was undertaken to identify the role of scavenger receptors in the catabolism of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipoteichoic acid (LTA). LPS is mainly cleared from the blood by the liver. The Kupffer cells are primarily responsible for this clearance. Although several binding sites have been described for LPS and LTA, only CD14 is involved in LPS(More)