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Two siblings from a consanguineous family presented with a poikiloderma of limbs and face, plantar keratoderma, and toenail pachyonychia. Neutropenia and neutrophil dysfunction with impairment of the respiratory burst and bacterial killing resulted in frequent respiratory tract infections. A bronchocentric granulomatous pneumonia was a fatal complication.(More)
BACKGROUND Up to 80% of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) may have increased gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration of duodenogastric contents into the lungs. We aimed to assess aspiration in patients with CF by measuring duodenogastric components in induced sputum and to investigate whether the presence of bile acids (BAs) in sputum was correlated with(More)
BACKGROUND Cystic fibrosis-associated liver disease (CFLD) is the second cause of mortality in CF. The prevalence is estimated to be 26-45%, but sensitive diagnostic tools are lacking. We investigated whether non-invasive liver elastography (Fibroscan) could serve as a screening tool. METHODS Fibroscan measurements were performed in 66 CF patients.(More)
Four separate categories of chronic Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) infection in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) have been previously defined, based on airway cultures taken over the previous year. The aim of the present study was to evaluate this definition in the current authors' paediatric and adult CF clinic using clinical, immunological and lung(More)
UNLABELLED Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare autosomal recessive disease, caused by specific primary structural and/or functional abnormalities of the motile cilia, in contrast with the transitory abnormalities seen in secondary ciliary dyskinesia. Disease-causing mutations in at least 16 genes have already been identified. The true incidence of(More)
We evaluated a multiplexed bead-based assay (xMAP Pneumococcal Immunity assay from Luminex) for the simultaneous determination of antibodies against 14 capsular polysaccharides. Post-vaccination (Pneumovax) antibody concentrations were measured in 35 healthy children, 40 healthy adults, 99 consecutive patients with increased susceptibility to respiratory(More)
BACKGROUND Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare disease, characterised by chronic airway infection. In cystic fibrosis, FEV1 is insensitive to detect patients with structural damage, and Lung Clearance Index (LCI) was proposed as a better marker of early lung damage. In PCD, the relationship between functional and structural abnormalities has been(More)
BACKGROUND The laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication has become a frequently performed procedure in infants and children who suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). In this study we describe our 8-year experience with 106 consecutive laparoscopic Nissen fundoplications. METHODS From January 1994 to May 2002, we included 106 consecutive patients(More)
OBJECTIVES Increased gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is common in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). We studied the occurrence of acid, weakly acidic (WA), and weakly alkaline (WALK) reflux in children with CF and evaluated a possible surrogate marker for risk of gastric content aspiration. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-four children with CF underwent(More)
BACKGROUND A study was undertaken to assess the reliability of the nasal mucociliary transport test using 99mTc-albumin colloid as a screening test for primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) and to compare it with the gold standard nasal biopsy for study of ciliary motility and ultrastructure. METHODS During a 4 year period both tests were performed in 55(More)