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It was shown before (Wooten, D. C., and Dilley, R. A. (1993) J. Bioenerg. Biomembr. 25, 557-567; Zakharov, S. D., Li, X., Red'ko, T. P., and Dilley, R. A. (1996) J. Bioenerg. Biomembr. 28, 483-493) that pH dependent reversible Ca2+ binding near the N- and C-terminal end of the 8 kDa subunit c modulates ATP synthesis driven by an applied pH jump in(More)
The activation requirements and thermodynamic characteristics of ATP synthase from the alkalophilic cyanobacterium Spirulina platensis were studied in coupled membrane vesicles. Activation by methanol increased the Vmax, while the Km for MgATP was unaffected (0.7 mM). We propose that in Sp. platensis, as in chloroplasts, the activating effect of methanol is(More)
The stoichiometry between proton translocation and ATP synthesis/hydrolysis was studied in two different photosynthetic prokaryotes, the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus 6716 and the purple bacterium Rhodospirillum rubrum. The H+/ATP ratio was determined by acid-base transitions as a function of the external pH. The H+/ATP ratio of the(More)
The proton translocation stoichiometry (H+/ATP ratio) was investigated in membrane vesicles from a Synechocystis 6803 mutant in which the serine at position 37 in the hydrophilic loop of the c-subunit from the wild type was replaced by a negatively charged glutamic acid residue (strain plc37). At this position the c-subunit of chloroplasts and the(More)
The activation characteristics of the F1Fo-ATP synthase (where F1 and Fo are the hydrophilic and membrane-bound parts respectively of the enzyme) from Synechocystis 6803 wild-type and a Synechocystis 6803 mutant with a chloroplast-like insertion in the gamma subunit have been studied. Activation of the ATP synthase in wild-type and mutant membrane vesicles(More)
A simple procedure for the preparation of well-coupled and stable membrane vesicles from the transformable cyanobacteriumSynechocystis 6803 is described with the primary aim of producing vesicles suitable for the study of photosynthetic electron transport and phosphorylation. Spheroplasts were obtained from the cyanobacterium by lysozyme treatment and(More)
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