Marife Martinez

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Candida parapsilosis family has 3 proposed species: C. parapsilosis sensu stricto, Candida orthopsilosis, and Candida metapsilosis. C. parapsilosis sensu stricto had significantly higher caspofungin (CAS) and anidulafungin MICs than C. orthopsilosis or C. metapsilosis; C. metapsilosis was least susceptible to fluconazole. C. parapsilosis sensu stricto more(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus causes disease in birds. Our objectives were to determine pharmacokinetic parameters and evaluate efficacy of voriconazole (VCZ) in a novel experimental quail model. After a single oral VCZ dose of 20 or 40 mg/kg, plasma concentrations peaked 2 h postdose (5.8 and 6.9 microg/ml) and remained above 0.5 microg/ml for 4 and 12 h postdose,(More)
Vaccination with heat-killed Saccharomyces cerevisiae (HKY) protects against experimental infection by pathogenic fungi of five genera. Here we tested whether purified Saccharomyces cell wall β-glucan could induce protection against systemic aspergillosis. CD-1 mice were given three weekly vaccine doses subcutaneously prior to intravenous infection with(More)
Because histoplasmosis is a life-threatening disease in AIDS and other compromised patients, we examined the efficacy of D0870 (Zeneca) in immunosuppressed mice against systemic histoplasmosis. Oral therapy with fluconazole given once daily (QD) was ineffective in prolonging survival, whereas itraconazole given once or twice daily (BID), fluconazole given(More)
Previously we showed heat-killed yeast (HKY) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae administered as a vaccine are protective against systemic murine aspergillosis (and other mycoses) and that HKY induces antibody and cellular responses. To determine the role of antibodies in this protection, male antibody knockout mice (KO; strain B6.129S2-Igh-6 (tm1Cgn)/J) and(More)
BACKGROUND CNS aspergillosis is the most frequent and devastating manifestation of dissemination and mortality is high. METHODS Cyclophosphamide-suppressed CD-1 mice were infected intracerebrally with conidia of Aspergillus fumigatus and treated for 10 days with suboptimal doses of Abelcet (4 mg/kg) plus micafungin (1 mg/kg), caspofungin (1 mg/kg),(More)
Invasive aspergillosis is a major cause of mortality in immunocompromised patients and therapeutic options are often limited, thus a vaccine would be desirable. We presently studied acid-stable cell-wall mannan (α-1, 6-linked backbone highly branched with α-1, 2; α-1, 3; and β-1, 2-linked manno-oligomers) derived from C. albicans, with or without(More)
Studies of cystic fibrosis (CF) patient exacerbations attributed toPseudomonas aeruginosainfection have indicated a lack of correlation of outcome within vitrosusceptibility results. One explanation is that the media used for testing do not mimic the airway milieu, resulting in incorrect conclusions. Therefore, media have been devised to mimic CF(More)
Although polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) are powerfully anti-Aspergillus, transfusion therapy remains controversial, with conflicting results, and experimental support has been lacking. We devised a pulmonary infection model in neutropenic BALB/c mice, used an antibacterial regimen to prevent confounding sepsis, and optimized PMN induction,(More)
To enable future studies on host resistance factors and therapy, inbred and outbred mouse strains were tested for susceptibility to vaginal candidiasis. Groups of mice were given 0.5 mg estradiol 3 days before and 4 days after intravaginal challenge with a suspension of Candida albicans. On day 1 after challenge, a swab was used to quantitate infection in(More)