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This study was designed to determine the involvement of AT(1) receptors in the uptake of ANG II in the kidney of rats exposed to differing salt intake. Male Wistar-Kyoto rats were treated with a normal-salt (NS; 1% NaCl, n = 7) or a low-salt (LS; 0.025% NaCl, n = 7) diet combined with (LS+Los, n = 7; NS+Los, n = 7) or without losartan (30 mg. kg(-1).(More)
1. The interaction of losartan, a non-peptide specific AT1 receptor antagonist with the renal handling of lithium was analysed in conscious normotensive Wistar rats and compared with the known increase in renal tubular lithium reabsorption induced by the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, indomethacin. 2. The rats were treated for five days with losartan(More)
1. The interaction of ramipril, an inhibitor of angiotensin I converting enzyme, with renal lithium handling was analysed in conscious normotensive Wistar rats and compared with the known increase in renal tubular lithium reabsorption induced by the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, indomethacin. 2. The rats were treated for five days with ramipril (1(More)
OBJECTIVES Recent evidence suggests that tissue generation of angiotensins I and II depends on the level of the plasma components of the renin-angiotensin system and on tissue-specific processes. The present study was undertaken to clarify the possible relationship between plasma renin activity (PRA) and tissue angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity(More)
The signal transduction pathways involved in kinin B(2) receptor-related vasodilation were investigated in rat isolated perfused kidneys. During prostaglandin F(2alpha) or KCl-induced constriction, the vasodilator response to a selective B(2) receptor agonist, Tyr(Me)(8)bradykinin (Tyr(Me)(8)BK), was assessed. Tyr(Me)(8)BK produced a concentration- and(More)
1. Renal vasoconstriction in response to angiotensin II (ANGII) is known to be modulated by nitric oxide (NO). Since shear stress stimulates the release of a variety of vasoactive compounds from endothelial cells, we studied the impact of shear stress on the haemodynamic effect of ANGII in isolated perfused kidneys of rats under control conditions and(More)
L-Dopa is converted to dopamine by aromatic-L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC). In the kidney, proximal tubular epithelial cells are rich in AADC and urinary free dopamine excretion is a marker for endorenal extraneuronal dopamine synthesis. The urinary free dopamine excretion was analysed in a double-blind cross-over study after oral ingestion of L-Dopa or(More)
In vivo, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) are continuously exposed to mechanical cyclic stretch as a result of the pulsatile blood flow from the cardiac contractile cycle. Stretch is altered in pathologic conditions and contributes to vascular remodeling by modulating VSMC proliferation and death. Parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) is a locally(More)
To be optimal, a peritoneal dialysis prescription should consider the peritoneal surface area recruitment. In fact, as shown by computed tomography imaging, only a fraction of the available anatomic peritoneum is in contact with the dialysate (PDF). Various factors may dynamically affect the recruitment of the wetted membrane: posture, fill volume, PDF(More)
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) uses the dynamic dialysis properties of the peritoneal membrane. The fraction of the anatomic peritoneal surface area (PSA) recruited is of importance for maximizing exchanges and is potentially impacted by parameters such as fill volume. We describe an in vivo assessment of the contact surface area by micro-computed tomography(More)