Marielle Aulikki Wälti

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Amyloid-β (Aβ) is present in humans as a 39- to 42-amino acid residue metabolic product of the amyloid precursor protein. Although the two predominant forms, Aβ(1-40) and Aβ(1-42), differ in only two residues, they display different biophysical, biological, and clinical behavior. Aβ(1-42) is the more neurotoxic species, aggregates much faster, and dominates(More)
The [Het-s] prion of the fungus Podospora anserina represents a good model system for studying the structure-function relationship in amyloid proteins because a high resolution solid-state NMR structure of the amyloid prion form of the HET-s prion forming domain (PFD) is available. The HET-s PFD adopts a specific β-solenoid fold with two rungs of β-strands(More)
The formation of fibrils of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide is considered to be a key event in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The determination of a high-resolution structure of these fibrils is relevant for the understanding of the molecular basis of AD. In this work, we present the sequential resonance assignment of one of the polymorphs of(More)
Amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide is the major component found in senile plaques of Alzheimer's disease patients. The 42-residue fragment Aβ(1-42) is proposed to be one of the most pathogenic species therein. Here, the soluble Aβ(1-42) species were analyzed by various liquid-state NMR methods. Transient formation of a micelle species was observed at the onset of the(More)
Confined by the Boltzmann distribution of the energies of the states, a multitude of structural states are inherent to biomolecules. For a detailed understanding of a protein's function, its entire structural landscape at atomic resolution and insight into the interconversion between all the structural states (i.e. dynamics) are required. Whereas dedicated(More)
In early drug discovery approaches, screening hits are often weak affinity binders that are difficult to characterize in structural detail, particularly towards obtaining the 3D structure of protein-ligand complexes at atomic resolution. NMR is the outstanding technique to tackle such problems, yet suffers from a tedious structure calculation process. NMR2(More)
Alzheimer's disease is associated with the aggregation into amyloid fibrils of Aβ(1-42) and Aβ(1-40) peptides. Interestingly, these fibrils often do not obtain one single structure but rather show different morphologies, so-called polymorphs. Here, we compare quenched hydrogen-deuterium (H/D) exchange of a disease-relevant Aβ(1-42) fibril for which the 3D(More)
Current distance measurements between spin-labels on multimeric protonated proteins using double electron-electron resonance (DEER) EPR spectroscopy are generally limited to the 15-60 Å range. Here we show how DEER experiments can be extended to dipolar evolution times of ca. 80 μs, permitting distances up to 170 Å to be accessed in multimeric proteins. The(More)
Molecular replacement in X-ray crystallography is the prime method for establishing structure-activity relationships of pharmaceutically relevant molecules. Such an approach is not available for NMR. Here, we establish a comparable method, called NMR molecular replacement (NMR(2)). The method requires experimentally measured ligand intramolecular NOEs and(More)
We have studied the interaction of the prototypical chaperonin GroEL with the prion domain of the Het-s protein using solution and solid-state NMR, electron and atomic force microscopies, and EPR. While GroEL accelerates Het-s protofibril formation by several orders of magnitude, the rate of appearance of fibrils is reduced. GroEL remains bound to Het-s(More)
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