Mariella De Santo

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OBJECTIVE To investigate the influence of cigarette smoking of women on the fertilization and pregnancy rates obtained by IVF treatment. PATIENTS One hundred ninety-seven infertile, otherwise healthy women who entered an IVF program for the first time. SETTING Fertility unit at the Women's University hospital of the University of Ulm, Ulm, Germany. (More)
The effect of in-vitro treatment by polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) on the ultrastructure of human spermatozoa has been tested previously with the statistical analysis of B. Baccetti et al. (1995, J. Androl., 16, 356-371). PVP had a primary detrimental action on the plasma membrane, as well as on acrosomal and mitochondrial membranes. Furthermore, membrane(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate possible differences between using recombinant FSH (rFSH) and hMG for ovarian stimulation in IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. DESIGN Parallel group design. Prospective, randomized clinical study. SETTING A tertiary care infertility clinic. PATIENT(S) A total of 578 patients of our IVF/ICSI routine were(More)
The effects of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) treatment on the quality of human spermatozoa were assessed by examining the ultrastructure and the function of infertile human spermatozoa using a previously-defined formula. Using the spermatozoa as an andrological monitor shows that the therapeutic effect of FSH depends on the type of sperm defect. The(More)
Several studies have shown that FSH treatment can improve sperm production quantitatively and increase the spermatogonial population in oligozoospermic men with normal hormonal profiles. In this study, we describe the results of long-term gonadotropin therapy of normogonadotropic patients with nonobstructive azoospermia.
Genetic testing of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance (CFTR) gene is currently performed in couples undergoing assisted reproduction techniques (ART), because of the high prevalence of healthy carriers in the population and the pathogenic relationship with congenital bilateral absence of vas deferens (CBAVD). However, discordant data have been(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on the treatment with recombinant FSH of an azoospermic normogonadotropic patient with a Y-chromosome microdeletion. DESIGN Case report. SETTING An assisted reproduction center. PATIENT(S) A 32-year-old patient with azoospermia. INTERVENTION(S) Histological testicular biopsy, Y-chromosome screening, FSH treatment, and(More)
We investigated the possibility of ultrastructural damage to human spermatozoa induced by different sperm preparation techniques. Ejaculates from 20 normozoospermic men were divided into equal aliquots and processed by glass wool filtration, Percoll density gradient centrifugation, and a simple two-step centrifugation procedure which served as a control.(More)
The effect of lymphocyte transfusions on the stabilisation and successful outcome of pregnancy was investigated in 30 women with recurrent abortions presumably caused by immunologic factors. Lymphocyte concentrates were obtained from stored whole blood of the husbands and transferred by intravenous injection. Exclusion criteria for this study were the(More)
After a large introduction concerning the influence of sperm quality in the success of in vitro fertilization, the debated problem of the importance of the sperm quality in intracytoplasmic sperm injection is investigated. The spermatozoa are studied by electron microscopy, and the results evaluated by the formula of Baccetti et al. (1995). The quality of(More)