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OBJECTIVE Management of periodontal defects has always been a challenge in clinical periodontics. Recently mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been proposed for tissue regeneration in periodontal disease and repair of large bone defects. Bone regeneration has to be supported by a scaffold which has to be biocompatible, biodegradable, and able to support cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether human umbilical cord blood mesenchymal stem cells, a novel source of progenitors with multilineage potential: 1) decrease traumatic brain injury sequelae and restore brain function; 2) are able to survive and home to the lesioned region; and 3) induce relevant changes in the environment in which they are infused. DESIGN(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) have recently raised the attention because of their therapeutic potential in the novel context of regenerative medicine. However, the safety of these new and promising cellular products should be carefully defined before they can be used in the clinical setting, as. The protein expression profile of these cells might(More)
In the last years, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been identified as an attractive cell population in regenerative medicine. In view of future therapeutic applications, the study of specific differentiation-related gene expression is a pivotal prerequisite to define the most appropriate MSC source for clinical translation. In this context, it is crucial(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent cells offering valuable hopes for the treatment of degenerative diseases. MSCs can be found among differentiated cells in many tissues and organs but, unfortunately, their phenotypic similarity hinders a robust cell characterization and discrimination from diverse tissue harvests. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are(More)
The trophic, anti-apoptotic and regenerative effects of bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) may reduce neuronal cell loss in neurodegenerative disorders. We used MSC as a novel candidate therapeutic tool in a pilot phase-I study for patients affected by progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), a rare, severe and no-option form of Parkinsonism. Five(More)
Cell-based therapies promise important developments for regenerative medicine purposes. Adipose tissue and the adipogenic process has become central to an increasing number of translational efforts in addition to plastic and reconstructive surgical applications. In recent experimental clinical trials, human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been proven to(More)
Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) is a sporadic and progressive neurodegenerative disease which belongs to the family of tauopathies and involves both cortical and subcortical structures. No effective therapy is to date available. Autologous bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from patients affected by different type of parkinsonisms have shown(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow stem/progenitor cells seem to be effective in liver regeneration after tissue injury. AIM To evaluate the feasibility and safety of the mobilization and reinfusion of CD133+ stem/progenitor cells in patients with end-stage liver disease. METHODS Autologous CD133+ stem/progenitor cells, mobilized with granulocyte-colony stimulating(More)
In a recent work, our group showed the existence of two distinct mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) subsets within human umbilical cord blood. One less proliferative and short-living (SL-CBMSC), the other with higher growth rate and long-living (LL-CBMSC), and therefore better suited for regenerative medicine applications. We examined whether LL-CBMSC possess(More)