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Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), a proinflammatory cytokine, induces cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in cultured neonatal ventricular myocytes (NVMs), resulting in the preferential production of prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)). To explain the preferential PGE(2) release by myocytes, we studied whether its specific synthase, PGE(2) synthase (PGES), is also induced by(More)
A review was undertaken of 7,521 serum samples that had been tested to detect or confirm the presence of different hepatitis A, B, and delta serologic markers. The sources of the samples included a national reference laboratory, several outbreaks of viral hepatitis in civilian and military populations, and a serologic survey. They were examined using the(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are ligand-activated transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. They regulate lipid metabolism, glucose homeostasis, cell proliferation, and differentiation and modulate inflammatory responses. We examined whether PPARgamma is functional in cultured neonatal ventricular myocytes(More)
Upon induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), neonatal ventricular myocytes (VMs) mainly synthesize prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). The biological effects of PGE2 are mediated through four different G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) subtypes (EP(1-4)). We have previously shown that PGE2 stimulates cAMP production and induces hypertrophy of VMs. Because the EP4(More)
The calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a G-coupled protein expressed in renal juxtaglomerular (JG) cells. Its activation stimulates calcium-mediated decreases in cAMP content and inhibits renin release. The postreceptor pathway for the CaSR in JG cells is unknown. In parathyroids, CaSR acts through G(q) and/or G(i). Activation of G(q) stimulates(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is expressed in the heart in animal models of ischemic injury. Recent studies have suggested that COX-2 products are involved in inflammatory cell infiltration and fibroblast proliferation in the heart. Using a mouse model, we questioned whether 1). myocardial infarction (MI) in vivo induces COX-2 expression chronically, and 2). COX-2(More)
Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is a cardiac hormone constitutively expressed in the adult heart. We previously showed that the human BNP (hBNP) proximal promoter region from -127 to -40 confers myocyte-specific expression. The proximal hBNP promoter contains several putative cis elements. Here we tested whether the proximal GATA element plays a role in(More)
Renin is essential for blood pressure control. Renin is stored in granules in juxtaglomerular (JG) cells, located in the pole of the renal afferent arterioles. The second messenger cAMP stimulates renin release. However, it is unclear whether fusion and exocytosis of renin-containing granules is involved. In addition, the role of the fusion proteins, SNAREs(More)
In the kidney, epithelial cells of the thick ascending limb (TAL) reabsorb NaCl via the apical Na(+)/K(+)/2Cl(-) co-transporter NKCC2. Steady-state surface NKCC2 levels in the apical membrane are maintained by a balance between exocytic delivery, endocytosis, and recycling. cAMP is the second messenger of hormones that enhance NaCl absorption. cAMP(More)