Marieke J. H. J. Dekker

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BACKGROUND Genetic variants in immunomodulating genes have been suggested to contribute to the risk of cardiovascular disease. Glucocorticoids are important regulators of inflammatory processes and the immune system. Our aim was to determine the contribution of genetic glucocorticoid receptor variants, with different cortisol sensitivities, to the risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Depressive patients often have altered cortisol secretion, but few studies have investigated genetic variants in relation to both cortisol secretion and depression. To identify genes related to both these conditions, we: (1) tested the association of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis (HPA-axis)(More)
BACKGROUND Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis has been suggested as an independent risk factor for ischemic heart disease. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether two markers of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity, the level of salivary cortisol and the diurnal salivary cortisol pattern, are associated with(More)
CONTEXT Depression is common in old age. Nevertheless, few incidence studies have established how often depression occurs in elderly persons with and without a history of depression. OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence and recurrence rates of depression in an elderly population. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A cohort study of community-dwelling(More)
Weight gain and body fat increase the risk of cardiometabolic disease. Cross-sex hormone therapy in transgender persons leads to changes in body weight and body composition, but it is unclear to what extent. We performed a meta-analysis to investigate the changes in body weight, body fat and lean body mass during cross-sex hormone therapy in transgender(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence suggests that hyperactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPA axis) is involved in depression. 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) converts inert cortisone to active cortisol and is implicated in HPA axis regulation in animal studies. The aim of our study was to identify polymorphisms in 11β-HSD1(More)
BACKGROUND Hand hygiene is paramount to prevent healthcare-associated infections, but improving compliance is challenging. When healthcare workers seldom encounter healthcare-associated infections, they will consider the odds of causing infections through poor hand hygiene negligible. Cognitive biases such as these may induce non-compliance. Nudging, 'a(More)
- Patients with alcohol use disorder frequently have a thiamine deficiency.- A potential life-threatening complication of thiamine deficiency is Wernicke's encephalopathy.- Since it is clinically difficult to recognize Wernicke's encephalopathy, this condition is often treated inadequately. - Early supplementation of thiamine is important to avoid(More)
CONTEXT Recently, it was proposed that a combination of the 83,557insA polymorphism in the 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD11B1) gene and the R453Q polymorphism in the hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PD) gene interacts to cause cortisone reductase deficiency (CRD) when at least three alleles are affected. OBJECTIVE The aim was to study(More)
Objective Cross-sex hormonal therapy (CHT) in trans persons affects their total body fat and total lean body mass. However, it is unknown how separate body regions are affected and whether these changes alter body shape. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the effects on body fat and lean body mass in separate body regions and on body shape(More)