Marieke F. Van der Schaaf

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There is a need for valid methods to assess the readiness for clinical practice of medical graduates. This study evaluates the validity of Utrecht Hamburg Trainee Responsibility for Unfamiliar Situations Test (UHTRUST), an authentic simulation procedure to assess whether medical trainees are ready to be entrusted with unfamiliar clinical tasks near the(More)
This Guide was written to support educators interested in building a competency-based workplace curriculum. It aims to provide an up-to-date overview of the literature on Entrustable Professional Activities (EPAs), supplemented with suggestions for practical application to curriculum construction, assessment and educational technology. The Guide first(More)
BACKGROUND The Dutch Radiology Progress Test (DRPT) monitors the acquisition of knowledge and visual skills of radiology residents in the Netherlands. AIM We aimed to evaluate the quality of progress testing in postgraduate radiology training by studying the reliability of the DRPT and finding an indication for its construct validity. We expected that(More)
BACKGROUND Medical trainees go through various transitions during the medical education continuum. AIMS The aim of this study was to understand how transitions in licensure and increased responsibility may affect trainees' competence development. METHOD We carried out a questionnaire study in Leeds (UK). Trainees and supervisors were asked to determine(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Current radiology practice increasingly involves interpretation of volumetric data sets. In contrast, most radiology tests still contain only 2D images. We introduced a new testing tool that allows for stack viewing of volumetric images in our undergraduate radiology program. We hypothesized that tests with volumetric CT-images(More)
OBJECTIVES Recently, many medical schools' curricula have been revised so that they represent vertically integrated (VI) curricula. Important changes include: the provision of earlier clinical experience; longer clerkships, and the fostering of increasing levels of responsibility. One of the aims of vertical integration is to facilitate the transition to(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Radiology practice has become increasingly based on volumetric images (VIs), but tests in medical education still mainly involve two-dimensional (2D) images. We created a novel, digital, VI test and hypothesized that scores on this test would better reflect radiological anatomy skills than scores on a traditional 2D image test. To(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES In current practice, radiologists interpret digital images, including a substantial amount of volumetric images. We hypothesized that interpretation of a stack of a volumetric data set demands different skills than interpretation of two-dimensional (2D) cross-sectional images. This study aimed to investigate and compare knowledge(More)
The knowledge and skills that are required for radiological image interpretation are not well documented, even though medical imaging is gaining importance. This study aims to develop a comprehensive framework of knowledge and skills, required for two-dimensional and multiplanar image interpretation in radiology. A mixed-method study approach was applied.(More)
BACKGROUND There is a need for valid methods to assess the readiness for clinical practice of recently graduated physicians. To develop these methods, it is relevant to know the general features of trainees' performance that facilitate supervisors' trust in their ability to perform critical clinical tasks. OBJECTIVE To discover such essential facets of(More)