Marieke Coenen

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The occurrence of BSE cases in Germany after the ban of meat and bone meal for ruminant feed in 1994 requires a detailed investigation of animal derived feedstuffs regarding their specific risks as vectors for the disease. Accepting the theory that BSE is a prion transmitted disease, the theoretical infectious potential was calculated for animal derived(More)
BACKGROUND The intestinal epithelium, with the potential to restrict luminal noxae from the host, secretes a mucous layer with various protective functions. Microbial colonization of germfree (GF) rats stimulates this mucin-secreting tissue. The present study determined the effect of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on this process. METHODS One, 3, and(More)
Approximately one-third of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients are seronegative for the 2 serological RA markers, rheumatoid factor (RF) and antibodies against cyclic citrullinated peptides (ACCP). Moreover, the sensitivities of both markers are lower in the diagnostically important early disease phase. The aim of this study was to identify additional(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Camptodactyly-arthropathy-coxa-vara-pericarditis (CACP) syndrome is an autosomal recessive condition that mostly affects joints and tendons but can also affect the pericardium, which is a surface surrounding the heart. CACP syndrome is caused by mutations in a secreted proteoglycan 4 (PRG4) gene, which expresses in skeletal as well as(More)
Specific conditions and practices of cattle feeding in Germany have to be taken into account for assessing the risk of feed born transmission of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, especially regarding the situation before the year 2000 when specific directives were introduced for feed production. The present retrospective epidemiological study includes data(More)
Mini goats (n = 40) were kept in a paddock. During October hay and supplementary mixed feed were given in a addition to grass; water was available ad libitum. About 3 hours after a last control (at about 2 p.m.) 8 animals were found dead and further 3 in a moribund condition; 2 of them died within 2 hours and the last one during the following night.(More)
Ponies were fed hay (n = 21) or mixed feed (n = 27; 128 g crude protein, 175 g crude fibre/kg dry matter) for at least 14 days (treatment against parasites with ivermectin before the experimental period). The feeding level was 18 g dry mater/kg body weight/day. After the feeding period (the experiments were conducted to investigate the water and electrolyte(More)
Suggestive to induce an immunoreactive response in the colon mucosa of germfree rats 3 diets, autoclaved or gamma-irradiated, respectively, were administered to groups of 30 days old GF Ztm:SPRD rats. Diets and rats were studied in parallel after a feeding period of 20 days. The microbiological controls confirmed the sterility of diets and animals. The(More)