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Professional phagocytes (polymorphonuclear neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages) are a main component of the immune system. These cells are involved in both host defenses and various pathological settings characterized by excessive inflammation. Accordingly, they are key targets for immunomodulatory drugs, among which antibacterial agents are promising(More)
Dirithromycin and, to a lesser extent, erythromycylamine and erythromycin directly induced the release of three intragranular enzymes (lysozyme, lactoferrin, and beta-glucuronidase) from unstimulated human neutrophils. Macrolide-induced enzyme release was dependent upon the incubation time (30 to 180 min) and drug concentration. Dirithromycin was the most(More)
About 0.1% of the sera in human pathology produce a peculiar, cytoplasmic, non-organ- and non-species-specific fluorescence. This may easily be differentiated from the already described anti-organelle antibodies and, more particularly, from the mitochondrial antibodies of primary biliary cirrhosis. Should rat tissues be used in the immunofluorescence test,(More)
  • M T Labro
  • 1990
Immunomodulation by antibacterial agents shows promise as a novel strategy in the treatment of infectious diseases. Cefodizime, a new oxi-imino-amino-2-thiazolyl cephalosporin, is a particularly good candidate in this context. In-vivo models of experimental infections show that prophylactic administration of cefodizime increases the survival of some strains(More)
Cefodizime is a 2-aminothiazolyl cephalosporin for parenteral use. Cefodizime has a bisubstituted thiothiazole moiety in position 3 of the cephem nucleus. The presence of this moiety does not alter the in-vitro antibacterial activity, or safety in animal studies, which are similar to those of cefotaxime, but results in an apparent long elimination half-life(More)
  • M T Labro
  • 1998
The important role played by macrolides in the chemotherapy of infectious diseases is well established, but there is still much speculation about their anti-inflammatory potential. A review of in-vitro and ex-vivo studies reported in the literature shows that macrolides have potentially relevant immunomodulatory effects. In-vitro data suggest that(More)
Inflammation is a key pathogenic component of atherosclerosis; it also promotes thrombosis, a process underlying acute coronary events and stroke. Cells present in atherosclerotic plaque show abnormal tissue factor (TF) expression. Macrolides, in addition to their antimicrobial properties, have antiinflammatory effects that might help prevent(More)
Inflammation represents a complex biologic and biochemical process involving cells of the immune system and a plethora of biologic mediators in response to mechanical, chemical or infectious injuries. When mobilization of effector cells and molecules becomes excessive, the beneficial aspect of this response--to limit damage and promote healing, can be(More)
A classical velocity centrifugation technique was used to study the in vitro uptake of the new ketolide ABT-773 by human polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) and a myelomonoblastic cell line, PLB-985, which can be differentiated into PMNs under certain culture conditions, compared to that of HMR 3004. ABT-773 was rapidly taken up by PMNs (cellular(More)
Macrolides are accumulated in phagocytes, partially via an active transport system; the membrane carrier is not identified but many data indicate a link with the P-glycoprotein family which includes the Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator (CFTR) protein. We have used two epithelial cell lines which express either wild-type (N cells) or(More)