Marie-thérèse Labro

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The important role played by macrolides in the chemotherapy of infectious diseases is well established, but there is still much speculation about their anti-inflammatory potential. A review of in-vitro and ex-vivo studies reported in the literature shows that macrolides have potentially relevant immunomodulatory effects. In-vitro data suggest that(More)
Professional phagocytes (polymorphonuclear neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages) are a main component of the immune system. These cells are involved in both host defenses and various pathological settings characterized by excessive inflammation. Accordingly, they are key targets for immunomodulatory drugs, among which antibacterial agents are promising(More)
HMR 3647 (telithromycin), a new ketolide, is active on intracellular pathogens. It was previously demonstrated that it inhibits superoxide anion production in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, at concentrations which inhibit 50% of the control response of about 55 microg/ml (5 min) to 30 microg/ml (30 min); these values are similar to those(More)
Macrolide antibiotics are strongly concentrated within host cells, a property that sustains their activity against intracellular pathogens and is likely responsible for the modulation of cell metabolism and function. There is extensive literature on the subject of macrolide-induced modulation of immune responses. Erythromycin A derivatives seem to display(More)
Dirithromycin and, to a lesser extent, erythromycylamine and erythromycin directly induced the release of three intragranular enzymes (lysozyme, lactoferrin, and beta-glucuronidase) from unstimulated human neutrophils. Macrolide-induced enzyme release was dependent upon the incubation time (30 to 180 min) and drug concentration. Dirithromycin was the most(More)
We have studied the interference of roxithromycin with NADPH oxidase, the key enzymatic system for oxidant production by human neutrophils. Roxithromycin alters the reconstitution of an active enzyme and impairs the translocation to the outer membrane of the cytosolic components p47-phox and p67-phox. Interestingly, in resting cells roxithromycin directly(More)
All erythromycin A derivatives, irrespective of the size of the lactone ring and the nature of the substituent, inhibit oxidant production by neutrophils and promote their degranulation. We demonstrate in this study that the L-cladinose at position 3 of the lactone ring is a key structure in the modulation of these two neutrophil functions, suggesting that(More)
Various reviews have highlighted the potential immuno-modulating properties of macrolides. Recent data in this field raise the possibility of new therapeutic prospects in cancer and inflammatory diseases (cystic fibrosis, asthma, atherosclerosis, etc.). Advances have also been made in our understanding of the interactions between macrolides and host immune(More)
About 0.1% of the sera in human pathology produce a peculiar, cytoplasmic, non-organ- and non-species-specific fluorescence. This may easily be differentiated from the already described anti-organelle antibodies and, more particularly, from the mitochondrial antibodies of primary biliary cirrhosis. Should rat tissues be used in the immunofluorescence test,(More)
Immunomodulation by antibacterial agents shows promise as a novel strategy in the treatment of infectious diseases. Cefodizime, a new oxi-imino-amino-2-thiazolyl cephalosporin, is a particularly good candidate in this context. In-vivo models of experimental infections show that prophylactic administration of cefodizime increases the survival of some strains(More)