Marie-jo Medina

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Molecular and antigenic analyses of three influenza viruses isolated from outbreaks of severe respiratory disease in racing greyhounds revealed that they are closely related to H3N8 equine influenza virus. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the canine influenza virus genomes form a monophyletic group, consistent with a single interspecies virus transfer.(More)
BACKGROUND Adamantanes have been used to treat influenza A virus infections for many years. Studies have shown a low incidence of resistance to these drugs among circulating influenza viruses; however, their use is rising worldwide and drug resistance has been reported among influenza A (H5N1) viruses isolated from poultry and human beings in Asia. We(More)
BACKGROUND Although influenza is common among children, pediatric mortality related to laboratory-confirmed influenza has not been assessed nationally. METHODS During the 2003-2004 influenza season, we requested that state health departments report any death associated with laboratory-confirmed influenza in a U.S. resident younger than 18 years of age.(More)
Monitoring of serotypes and their clonal associations is critical as pneumococci adapt to the selective pressures exerted by the pneumococcal seven-valent conjugate vaccine (PCV7). We genotyped 1,476 invasive isolates from the Active Bacterial Core surveillance (705 [89.8%] of the isolates were obtained from children <5 years of age, and 771 [18.4%] of the(More)
Eight Bifidobacterium longum strains, including reported probiotic strains (commercial and noncommercial), collection strains, and laboratory isolates, were investigated for their ability to adhere to mucin as well as their ability to tolerate acid and bile. Strains could be discriminated based on their sensitivity at pH values of 2.0 to 2.5 and bile(More)
In a survey of genetic diversity within penicillin-nonsusceptible pneumococcal isolates in Kenya, we examined 162 upper respiratory isolates from 104 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected adults and 46 children in a cotrimoxazole prophylaxis study. Antibiotic resistance levels were high; 152 (94.4%) were cotrimoxazole nonsusceptible (134 fully(More)
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