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Strain was measured in the normal anterior talofibular ligament (ATF) and the calcaneofibular ligament (CF) using Hall effect strain transducers in five cadaveric ankles. These measurements were made in both ligaments with the ankle in neutral position and with the foot moving from 10 degrees dorsiflexion to 40 degrees plantarflexion in an apparatus that(More)
Although enteral nutrition is considered more 'physiologic' than parenteral nutrition, there is greater published experience with parenteral nutrition in trauma patients. To compare the efficacy of these two techniques, we prospectively randomized multiple trauma patients during their admission laparotomy to receive either central venous parenteral(More)
One hundred and six patients found at operation to have intra-abdominal sepsis were prospectively followed up to determine the incidence of organ malfunction and death. These outcomes were correlated with age, preexisting disease, underlying cause of sepsis, shock, nutritional status, and alcoholism. Organ malfunction occurred in 31 patients (29%), 19 (61%)(More)
One hundred eighty-seven patients treated for established intra-abdominal infection in five medical centers were studied using the surgical infection stratification system. This system combines an anatomic category with a numerical estimate (acute physiology score [APS]) of deviation from normal of 33 routine laboratory tests or physical findings. Overall(More)
Two hundred forty consecutive patients admitted for operative treatment of an open fracture of the arm or leg were followed up prospectively for the development of fracture infection. The independent risk of fracture infection was increased in patients with grade IIIB or IIIC fractures, internal or external fixation, lower-leg fracture, any blood(More)
Outcomes of 65 patients after operation who had exhibited a clinical response to treatment for intra-abdominal sepsis were compared based on the presence or absence of leukocytosis and fever at the conclusion of antibiotic therapy. Fifty-one patients were afebrile when antibiotics were stopped. Intra-abdominal infection developed in 7 of 21 (33%) who had a(More)
The necessary duration of antibiotic administration after open fracture has not been established. In a double-blind prospective trial we randomized 248 patients with open fractures to receive one or five days of cefonicid sodium therapy or five days of cefamandole nafate therapy as part of the initial treatment. Rates of fracture-associated infections in(More)
In a prospective, double-blind study, 193 patients hospitalized for established hand infections were randomized to receive either cefamandole intravenously followed by cephalexin by mouth or methicillin intravenously followed by dicloxacillin by mouth. Careful aerobic and anaerobic cultures were performed. Multiple organisms grew in cultures from 84% of the(More)
We randomly assigned eight concurrently symptom-free premature infants (birth weight less than or equal to 1250 gm) at high risk of requiring erythrocyte transfusions for anemia of prematurity to 6 weeks of intensive treatment with either subcutaneous recombinant human erythropoietin (r-HuEPO group) or a placebo (control group). Treatment with r-HuEPO was(More)