Marie Wehenkel

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The immunoproteasome, having been linked to neurodegenerative diseases and hematological cancers, has been shown to play an important role in MHC class I antigen presentation. However, its other pathophysiological functions are still not very well understood. This can be attributed mainly to a lack of appropriate molecular probes that can selectively(More)
BACKGROUND Although the proteasome is a validated anticancer target, the clinical application of its inhibitors has been limited because of inherent systemic toxicity. To broaden clinical utility of proteasome inhibitors as anticancer agents, it is critical to develop strategies to selectively target proteasomes in cancer cells. The immunoproteasome is an(More)
Estrogen receptor-alpha (ER) antagonists have been widely used for breast cancer therapy. Despite initial responsiveness, hormone-sensitive ER-positive cancer cells eventually develop resistance to ER antagonists. It has been shown that in most of these resistant tumor cells, the ER is expressed and continues to regulate tumor growth. Recent studies(More)
Baeyer-Villiger monooxygenases (BVMOs), mostly flavoproteins, were shown to be powerful biocatalysts for synthetic organic chemistry applications and were also suggested to play key roles for the biosyntheses of various natural products. Here we present the three-dimensional structure of MtmOIV, a 56 kDa homodimeric FAD- and NADPH-dependent monooxygenase,(More)
While the constitutive, 26S proteasome plays an important role in regulating many important cellular processes, a variant form known as the immunoproteasome is thought to primarily function in adaptive immune responses. However, recent studies indicate an association of immunoproteasomes with many physiological disorders such as cancer, neurodegenerative,(More)
Primarily used for medicinal purposes in the past, biologically active small molecules have been increasingly employed to explore complex biological processes in the era of "chemical genetics". Since the contributions of this small molecule approach to biology have been extensive, we limit the focus of our review to the use of small-molecule modulators in(More)
The discovery of NF-κB signaling pathways has greatly enhanced our understanding of inflammatory and immune responses. In the canonical NF-κB pathway, the proteasomal degradation of IκBα, an inhibitory protein of NF-κB, is widely accepted to be a key regulatory step. However, contradictory findings have been reported as to whether the immunoproteasome plays(More)
Conventional genetic approaches have provided a powerful tool in the study of proteins. However, these techniques often preclude selective manipulation of temporal and spatial protein functions, which is crucial for the investigation of dynamic cellular processes. To overcome these limitations, a small molecule-based novel technology termed "PROteolysis(More)
Given that immunoproteasome inhibitors are currently being developed for a variety of potent therapeutic purposes, the unique specificity of an α',β'-epoxyketone peptide (UK101) toward the LMP2 subunit of the immunoproteasome (analogous to β5 subunit of the constitutive proteasome) has been investigated in this study for the first time by employing homology(More)
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