Marie-Véronique Demattei

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Ascoviruses (family Ascoviridae) are large, enveloped, double-stranded (ds)DNA viruses that attack lepidopteran larvae and pupae, and are unusual in that they are transmitted by parasitic wasps during oviposition. Previous comparisons of DNA polymerase sequences from vertebrate and invertebrate viruses suggested that ascoviruses are closely related to(More)
Mariner-like elements (MLE) are Class II transposable elements that are very widespread among eukaryotic genomes. One MLE belonging to the mauritiana subfamily, named Botmar1, has been identified in the genome of the bumble bee, Bombus terrestris. gDNA hybridization with the Botmar1 transposase ORF revealed that about 230 elements are present in each(More)
Treatment of mice with the proximate neurotoxin MPTP depletes striatal dopamine levels. Depletion of striatal dopamine and metabolites in MPTP-treated mice is accompanied by depletion of glutathione (GSH) in the substantia nigra (SN). Striatal GSH and nigral amino acid levels were not significantly affected by MPTP. Results suggest that GSH depletion in SN(More)
In neurons of the substantia nigra (SN) of Macaca fascicularis the administration of parkinsongenic doses of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) caused morphological changes of the neuromelanic granules. Under light microscopy, the granules appeared more dispersed and larger. Electron microscopy revealed coalescence of granules in large(More)
Amino acid and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels in substantia nigra (SN) as well as striatal monoamine levels were measured in acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCar) treated and control Swiss-Webster mice. ALCar, L carnitine, or saline were administered i.p. to mice for 5 days and mice were decapitated 24 hours following the last injection. Substantia nigra and striata(More)
The presence of neuromelanic pigment in neurons of the rat substantia nigra (SN) is a matter of controversy. The presence of neuromelanin in the SN of 15--24-month-old rats was investigated by electron microscopy (EM) and the findings compared to the morphology and distribution of neuromelanin in SN of dogs. In the rat, EM examination revealed a few small,(More)
BACKGROUND The ascovirus, DpAV4a (family Ascoviridae), is a symbiotic virus that markedly increases the fitness of its vector, the parasitic ichneumonid wasp, Diadromus puchellus, by increasing survival of wasp eggs and larvae in their lepidopteran host, Acrolepiopsis assectella. Previous phylogenetic studies have indicated that DpAV4a is related to the(More)
Mariner-like elements (MLEs) are widespread transposable elements in animal genomes. They have been divided into at least five sub-families with differing host ranges. We investigated whether the ability of transposases encoded by Mos1, Himar1 and Mcmar1 to be actively imported into nuclei varies between host belonging to different eukaryotic taxa. Our(More)
The present study reports on the metallothionein expression in the hydrothermal vent mussel Bathymodiolus thermophilus. Metallothioneins (MT) are proteins involved in intracellular metal regulation and conserved throughout the animal kingdom. The hydrothermal vent environment presents peculiarities (high levels of sulfides and metals, low pH, anoxia) that(More)