Marie-Véronique Demattéi

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Ascoviruses (family Ascoviridae) are double-stranded DNA viruses with circular genomes that attack lepidopterans, where they produce large, enveloped virions, 150 by 400 nm, and cause a chronic, fatal disease with a cytopathology resembling that of apoptosis. After infection, host cell DNA is degraded, the nucleus fragments, and the cell then cleaves into(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogenic mutations in the X-linked Neuroligin 4 gene (NLGN4X) in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and/or mental retardation (MR) are rare. However, nothing is known regarding a possible altered expression level of NLGN4X that would be caused by mutations in regulatory sequences. We investigated this issue by analyzing these regions in patients(More)
Ascoviruses (family Ascoviridae) are large, enveloped, double-stranded (ds)DNA viruses that attack lepidopteran larvae and pupae, and are unusual in that they are transmitted by parasitic wasps during oviposition. Previous comparisons of DNA polymerase sequences from vertebrate and invertebrate viruses suggested that ascoviruses are closely related to(More)
BACKGROUND The ascovirus, DpAV4a (family Ascoviridae), is a symbiotic virus that markedly increases the fitness of its vector, the parasitic ichneumonid wasp, Diadromus puchellus, by increasing survival of wasp eggs and larvae in their lepidopteran host, Acrolepiopsis assectella. Previous phylogenetic studies have indicated that DpAV4a is related to the(More)
Amino acid and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels in substantia nigra (SN) as well as striatal monoamine levels were measured in acetyl-L-carnitine (ALCar) treated and control Swiss-Webster mice. ALCar, L carnitine, or saline were administered i.p. to mice for 5 days and mice were decapitated 24 hours following the last injection. Substantia nigra and striata(More)
Mariner-like elements (MLE) are Class II transposable elements that are very widespread among eukaryotic genomes. One MLE belonging to the mauritiana subfamily, named Botmar1, has been identified in the genome of the bumble bee, Bombus terrestris. gDNA hybridization with the Botmar1 transposase ORF revealed that about 230 elements are present in each(More)
The eukaryotic transposon Mos1 is a class-II transposable element that moves using a “cut-and-paste” mechanism in which the transposase is the only protein factor required. The formation of the excision complex is well documented, but the integration step has so far received less investigation. Like all mariner-like elements, Mos1 was thought to integrate(More)
Treatment of mice with the proximate neurotoxin MPTP depletes striatal dopamine levels. Depletion of striatal dopamine and metabolites in MPTP-treated mice is accompanied by depletion of glutathione (GSH) in the substantia nigra (SN). Striatal GSH and nigral amino acid levels were not significantly affected by MPTP. Results suggest that GSH depletion in SN(More)
The presence of neuromelanic pigment in neurons of the rat substantia nigra (SN) is a matter of controversy. The presence of neuromelanin in the SN of 15--24-month-old rats was investigated by electron microscopy (EM) and the findings compared to the morphology and distribution of neuromelanin in SN of dogs. In the rat, EM examination revealed a few small,(More)
To investigate the pathophysiology of faecal incontinence in diabetes mellitus, two groups of diabetic patients were studied: 14 subjects (7 females and 7 males, mean age 57±9 years) with faecal incontinence (Group A) and 15 subjects (6 females and 9 males, mean age 54.7±8 years) without faecal incontinence but affected by somatic peripheral neuropathy. A(More)