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Treating anxious children is a challenge that many dentists face. Not only do anxious children find it difficult to cope with dental treatment but dentists also find it difficult to cope with anxious children. This article is intended to simplify the management of anxious children in general dental practice. Behavioural management, the coordination of the(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the soft tissue features of infants with unilateral cleft lip (UCL) and unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCLP) prior to primary surgery and compare with noncleft controls. DESIGN Prospective controlled capture of the facial morphology of infants using a noninvasive three-dimensional stereophotogrammetry method. (More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the degree of facial asymmetry in infants with unilateral cleft lip and/or palate, and quantify improvements following primary surgery, in three dimensions. DESIGN The faces of 20 infants with unilateral clefts (10 UCL; 10 UCLP), and 20 age-matched, non-cleft controls, were captured using the C3D stereophotogrammetry system prior(More)
BACKGROUND The project aims were to evaluate the benefit of transmucosal midazolam 0.2 mg/kg pre-medication on anxiety, induction behaviour and psychological morbidity in children undergoing general anaesthesia (GA) extractions. METHOD One hundred and seventy-nine children aged 5-10 years (mean 6.53 years) participated in this randomised, double blind,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate, by postal questionnaire, aspects of the selection and use of direct restorative materials, endodontic techniques and approaches to bleaching by general dental practitioners in the UK, and to compare and contrast the findings with those of a related study reported in 2004. METHODS A questionnaire comprising 18 questions, each of a(More)
This study assessed the effects of brief sevoflurane-nitrous oxide anaesthesia on children's postoperative cognition, behaviour and physical morbidity. Forty-eight children aged 5-10 years undergoing anaesthesia without premedication for multiple dental extractions, and 48 control children, performed tests of choice reaction time, attention, psychomotor(More)
Cyclosporin is a potent immunosuppressant drug commonly used to prevent organ transplant rejection. In recent years, there has been a widening of its therapeutic use and an increase in the number of patients undergoing transplantation. Gingival overgrowth is one of several oral side-effects of cyclosporin, with a quoted prevalence of between 8% and 100%.(More)
This randomised, placebo-controlled study assessed the effects of midazolam premedication on children's postoperative cognition and physical morbidity. In all, 179 children aged 5-10 years were randomly assigned to receive buccal midazolam (0.2 mg x kg(-1)) or placebo before sevoflurane-nitrous oxide anaesthesia for multiple dental extractions. They(More)
Introduction Despite overall improvements in oral health, the number of children admitted to hospital for extraction of teeth due to caries under general anaesthesia (GA) has been reported as increasing dramatically in England. The new UK government plans to transform NHS dentistry by improving oral health.Aim To evaluate the dental care received by(More)
BACKGROUND Despite overall improvements in oral health, a large number of children in United Kingdom (UK) are affected by dental caries; and the implementation of oral health promotion in some families remains a challenge. As such, children from those families suffer high caries rates, and are frequently referred for tooth extraction under General(More)