Marie-Thérèse Walsh

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Eosinophil localization to cholinergic nerves occurs in a variety of inflammatory conditions, including asthma. This localization is mediated by interactions between eosinophil integrins and neuronal vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Eosinophil-nerve cell interactions lead to generation of neuronal(More)
The adhesion of eosinophils to nerve cells and the subsequent release of eosinophil products may contribute to the pathogenesis of conditions such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. In this study we have separately examined the consequences of eosinophil adhesion and degranulation for nerve cell morphology and development. Eosinophils induced neurite(More)
Eosinophils are observed to localize to cholinergic nerves in a variety of inflammatory conditions such as asthma, rhinitis, eosinophilic gastroenteritis, and inflammatory bowel disease, where they are also responsible for the induction of cell signaling. We hypothesized that a consequence of eosinophil localization to cholinergic nerves would involve a(More)
We have demonstrated previously that the preferential adhesion of prostate cancer cells to human bone marrow endothelial (HBME) cells may contribute to their preferential metastasis to bone. Although a subject of debate, it has been postulated that the endothelial cells of the bone marrow are fenestrated. It is unknown therefore whether prostate cancer(More)
Activated eosinophils release potentially toxic cationic granular proteins, including the major basic proteins (MBP) and eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN). However, in inflammatory conditions including asthma and inflammatory bowel disease, localization of eosinophils to nerves is associated with nerve plasticity, specifically remodeling. In previous in(More)
The phospholipids sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) act via transmembrane receptors S1P 1-5 and LPA 1-3, respectively. Both have been implicated in inflammatory responses. S1P and LPA receptor profiles on neutrophils of patients with pneumonia compared with healthy subjects were determined by PCR and Western blotting. Chemotaxis(More)
The lysophospholipids sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) act via G-protein coupled receptors S1P(1-5) and LPA(1-3) respectively, and are implicated in allergy. Eosinophils accumulate at innervating cholinergic nerves in asthma and adhere to nerve cells via intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). IMR-32 neuroblastoma cells were(More)
Depression is a significant risk factor for and consequence of both cardiovascular disease and stroke. The pathophysiological processes underlying this association are poorly understood. This study utilised a technique for measurement of whole blood platelet surface glycoproteins involved in early adhesion and aggregation in sample populations of patients(More)
Hair cell regeneration has been shown to occur in the inner ear of mammals. Specifically, it has been demonstrated in the vestibular system and not the organ of Corti. Recent evidence suggests that the degree of the regenerative response may be augmented pharmacologically. This review discusses the field of hair cell regeneration in fish, amphibians, birds(More)
Eosinophils account for 1-3% of peripheral blood leukocytes and accumulate at sites of allergic inflammation, where they play a pathogenic role. Studies have shown that treatment with mepolizumab (an anti-IL-5 monoclonal antibody) is beneficial to patients with severe eosinophilic asthma, however, the mechanism of precisely how eosinophils mediate these(More)
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