Marie-Thérèse Walsh

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The 1q21 to 25 region of human chromosome 1 contains genes which encode proteins with immune- and inflammation-associated functions. These include the pentraxin genes, for C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid P (SAP) protein (APCS), and a CRP pseudogene (CRPP1). The region of chromosome 1 containing this cluster is syntenic with distal mouse chromosome(More)
There is a significant association between cardiovascular disease and depression. Previous studies have documented changes in platelets in depression. It is unknown if depression causes functional changes in platelet surface receptors. Therefore, we analyzed (1) the surface expression of glycoprotein (GP)Ib and the integrin receptor alpha(IIb)beta(IIIa),(More)
Depression is a significant risk factor for and consequence of both cardiovascular disease and stroke. The pathophysiological processes underlying this association are poorly understood. This study utilised a technique for measurement of whole blood platelet surface glycoproteins involved in early adhesion and aggregation in sample populations of patients(More)
Eosinophils are observed to localize to cholinergic nerves in a variety of inflammatory conditions such as asthma, rhinitis, eosinophilic gastroenteritis, and inflammatory bowel disease, where they are also responsible for the induction of cell signaling. We hypothesized that a consequence of eosinophil localization to cholinergic nerves would involve a(More)
The adhesion of eosinophils to nerve cells and the subsequent release of eosinophil products may contribute to the pathogenesis of conditions such as asthma and inflammatory bowel disease. In this study we have separately examined the consequences of eosinophil adhesion and degranulation for nerve cell morphology and development. Eosinophils induced neurite(More)
Eosinophil localization to cholinergic nerves occurs in a variety of inflammatory conditions, including asthma. This localization is mediated by interactions between eosinophil integrins and neuronal vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Eosinophil-nerve cell interactions lead to generation of neuronal(More)
Eosinophils exert many of their inflammatory effects in allergic disorders through the degranulation and release of intracellular mediators, including a set of cationic granule proteins that include eosinophil peroxidase. Studies suggest that eosinophils are involved in remodeling. In previous studies, we showed that eosinophil granule proteins activate(More)
Activated eosinophils release potentially toxic cationic granular proteins, including the major basic proteins (MBP) and eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN). However, in inflammatory conditions including asthma and inflammatory bowel disease, localization of eosinophils to nerves is associated with nerve plasticity, specifically remodeling. In previous in(More)
The phospholipids sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) act via transmembrane receptors S1P 1-5 and LPA 1-3, respectively. Both have been implicated in inflammatory responses. S1P and LPA receptor profiles on neutrophils of patients with pneumonia compared with healthy subjects were determined by PCR and Western blotting. Chemotaxis(More)
In allergen challenged animal models, eosinophils localize to airway nerves leading to vagally-mediated hyperreactivity. We hypothesized that in allergic rhinitis eosinophils recruited to nasal nerves resulted in neural hyperreactivity. Patients with persistent allergic rhinitis (n=12), seasonal allergic rhinitis (n=7) and controls (n=10) were studied.(More)