Marie-Thérèse Melki

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Early stages of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) infection are associated with local recruitment and activation of important effectors of innate immunity, i.e. natural killer (NK) cells and dendritic cells (DCs). Immature DCs (iDCs) capture HIV-1 through specific receptors and can disseminate the infection to lymphoid tissues following their(More)
Extracellular adenosine triphosphate (ATP) can activate purinergic receptors of the plasma membrane and modulate multiple cellular functions. We report that ATP is released from HIV-1 target cells through pannexin-1 channels upon interaction between the HIV-1 envelope protein and specific target cell receptors. Extracellular ATP then acts on purinergic(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 has evolved ways to exploit DCs, thereby facilitating viral dissemination and allowing evasion of antiviral immunity. Recently, the fate of DCs has been found to be extremely dependent on the interaction with autologous NK cells, but the mechanisms by which NK-DC interaction controls viral infections remain unclear. Here, we investigate the(More)
Flow cytometry analysis of apoptosis allows the detection, at the single cell level, of essential features of apoptotic cells. They include alterations in plasma membrane integrity, detected with the 7-aminoactinomycin D assay, translocation of phosphatidylserine from the inner to the outer layer of the plasma membrane analyzed with the annexin-V/PI assay,(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are innate sensors of viral infections and important mediators of antiviral innate immunity through their ability to produce large amounts of IFN-α. Moreover, Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7) and 9 (TLR9) ligands, such as HIV and CpG respectively, turn pDCs into TRAIL-expressing killer pDCs able to lyse HIV-infected CD4+ T(More)
Background Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) mainly contribute to antiviral immunity through recognition of viral components resulting in the production of type-I interferon (IFN), a powerful innate antiviral cytokine. IFN-alpha production by pDCs is promoted by a cross-talk with NK cells, that triggers in return the cytotoxicity of NK cells. Given the(More)
Background Dendritic cells (DCs) are professional antigen-presenting cells that form cellular networks surveying for pathogens and providing the first immunological barrier to the external environment. The fate of DCs is dependent on a cross-talk with NK cells that may lead to DC’s killing (editing) which is believed to keep in check their quality and(More)
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