Marie-Thérèse Drouet

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We compared the sequence of an envelope protein gene fragment from 21 temporally distinct West Nile (WN) virus strains, isolated in nine African countries and in France. Alignment of nucleotide sequences defined two groups of viruses which diverged by up to 29%. The first group of subtypes is composed of nine WN strains from France and Africa. The(More)
Genetic variation between geographically and temporally distinct isolates of dengue-1 (DEN-1) and dengue-4 (DEN-4) viruses was investigated. The nucleotide sequences of a fragment of the envelope protein gene encoding amino acids 28 to 87 of 35 DEN-1 isolates and 28 DEN-4 isolates were determined. Maximum nucleotide sequence variation was 6.9% and 4.9% for(More)
A nucleotide fragment encoding amino acids 29 to 94 in the E-protein of 28 dengue-2 isolates of diverse geographic and host origins was examined by direct sequencing of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified product, and compared to six previously published sequences. Nucleotide divergence ranged from 0 to 19.8% corresponding to a maximum of 9%(More)
A fatal case of dengue (DEN) infection associated with a spleen rupture and with hepatitis is reported here. Microscopic studies showed numerous areas of spleen rupture with hematomas and revealed necrotic foci in liver samples obtained at autopsy. Although hepatitis was reported in several cases of DEN fever, the mechanism of liver injury remains poorly(More)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was developed for the in vitro amplification of dengue virus RNA via cDNA. A fraction of the N-terminus gene of the envelope protein in the four dengue serotypes was amplified using synthetic oligonucleotide primer pairs. Amplified products were cloned and used as dengue type-specific probes in gel electrophoresis and(More)
A reverse transcription/polymerase chain reaction (RT/PCR) protocol for the rapid detection and identification of flaviviruses was developed using a set of universal oligonucleotide primers. These primers correspond to sequences in the 3' non-coding region and in the NS5 gene which are highly conserved among the mosquito-borne flaviviruses. The sequences of(More)
We studied five fatal cases of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF), confirmed using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method, in Vietnamese children. The liver seems to be a target for dengue virus, so postmortem examinations were performed to investigate elementary lesions, local recruitment of inflammatory cells and whether the(More)
A yellow fever virus of a South American genotype was identified in the liver and blood samples of a non-vaccinated European patient after his return from Brazil. ELISA tests were negative for IgG and positive for IgM against yellow fever. Yellow fever proteins in the formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded liver biopsy were detected by immunohistochemical(More)
The pathogenesis of dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is not well known, but the role of host factors has been suggested. The level of immunoreactive circulating and cell-generated tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) was studied in 35 patients with DHF; its relationship with virus isolation and/or genome detection by reverse transcription polymerase chain(More)
We investigated the ability of dengue virus to invade human primary Kupffer cells and to complete its life cycle. The virus effectively penetrated Kupffer cells, but the infection did not result in any viral progeny. Dengue virus-replicating Kupffer cells underwent apoptosis and were cleared by phagocytosis. Infected Kupffer cells produced soluble mediators(More)