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PURPOSE Generalized nonconvulsive absence seizures are characterized by the occurrence of synchronous and bilateral spike-and-wave discharges (SWDs) on electroencephalographic recordings, concomitant with behavioral arrest. The GAERS (genetic absence rats from Strasbourg) strain, a well-characterized inbred model for idiopathic generalized epilepsy,(More)
In a previous study, by using a candidate gene approach, we detected in both Milan hypertensive rats and humans a polymorphism in the alpha-adducin gene (ADD1) that was associated with blood pressure and renal sodium handling. In the present study, a genomewide search with 264 informative markers was undertaken in 251 (Milan hypertensive strain x Milan(More)
Extracellular matrix molecules such as elastin and collagens provide mechanical support to the vessel wall. In addition to its structural role, elastin is a regulator that maintains homeostasis through biologic signaling. Genetically determined minor modifications in elastin and collagen in the aorta could influence the onset and evolution of arterial(More)
PURPOSE The WAG/Rij rat is among the most appropriate models for the study of spontaneous childhood absence epilepsy, without complex neurologic disorders that are associated with some mouse models for absence epilepsy. Previous studies have allowed the identification of distinct types of spike-wave discharges (SWDs) characterizing seizures in this strain.(More)
Over the past decades, genetic studies in rodent models of human multifactorial disorders have led to the detection of numerous chromosomal regions associated with disease phenotypes. Owing to the complex control of these phenotypes and the size of the disease loci, identifying the underlying genes requires further analyses in new original models, including(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a common inflammatory disease of the central nervous system unsurpassed for its variability in disease outcome. Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is involved in neuronal remodelling and several studies have attempted to examine the effect of APOE on MS disease severity, but its function in modifying the course of MS is controversial. It has(More)
Models for the structure of the fibers of deoxy sickle cell hemoglobin (Hb Hb S, beta 6 Glu-->Val) have been obtained from X-ray and electron microscopic studies. Recent molecular dynamics calculations of polymer formation give new insights on the various specific interactions between monomers. Site-directed mutagenesis with expression of the Hb S beta(More)
Bovine Hb (hemoglobin) has a low oxygen affinity in the absence of chloride ions and DPG. Because of the increasing interest of this Hb as a potential blood substitute we have engineered a human Hb mutant with the aim of mimicking the functional properties of bovine Hb. This was achieved by deleting residue beta NA1 Val and substituting a methionine for(More)
In human deoxy haemoglobin, the alpha 42(C7)Tyr-residue is hydrogen-bonded to beta 99(G1)Asp which stabilizes the low-oxygen-affinity deoxy conformation. We engineered a haemoglobin with Tyr for Phe at the homologous C7 position in beta-chains. The oxygen affinity of the variant is decreased about two-fold relative to Hb A while keeping similar KR and KT(More)