Marie-Thérèse Aloy

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PURPOSE The ability of heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) to protect cells from stressful stimuli and its increased levels in tumors resistant to anticancer therapeutics suggest that it may represent a target for sensitization to radiotherapy. In this study, we investigate the protective role of Hsp27 against radiation-induced apoptosis and the effect of its(More)
In a wide range of human cancers, increased levels of heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) are closely associated with tumorigenesis, metastasis, resistance to anticancer therapeutics, and thus poor prognosis. In this study, we evaluate the radiosensitizing effects of Hsp27 gene silencing using OGX-427, a second-generation antisense oligonucleotide (ASO), on the(More)
Gadolinium based nanoparticles (GBNs, diameter 2.9±0.2nm), have promising biodistribution properties for theranostic use in-vivo. We aimed at demonstrating the radiosensitizing effect of these GBNs in experimental radioresistant human head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SQ20B, FaDu and Cal33 cell lines). Combining 0.6mM GBNs with 250kV photon irradiation(More)
Recent strategies to sensitize radioresistant tumours are based on combining gamma-irradiation with inducers of apoptosis. We report that the combination of three inhibitors of sphingolipid metabolism, DL-threo-1-phenyl-2-decanoylamino-3-morpholino-1-propanol.HCl(DL-PDMP)+imipramine +/- D-erythro-2-(N-myristoylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanol (D-MAPP), with 10-Gy(More)
To enhance the killing effects of ionizing radiation, we amplified the endogenous ceramide signal in Jurkat cell cultures using 3 different inhibitors of sphingolipid metabolism: DL-PDMP, D-MAPP and imipramine. Of the various possible drug combinations, only DL-PDMP (20 microM) + imipramine (20 microM) and DL-PDMP (20 microM) + imipramine (20 microM) +(More)
Over the last few decades, nanoparticles have been studied in theranostic field with the objective of exhibiting a long circulation time through the body coupled to major accumulation in tumor tissues, rapid elimination, therapeutic potential and contrast properties. In this context, we developed sub-5 nm gadolinium-based nanoparticles that possess in vitro(More)
Despite the strong rationale for combining cytoreductive surgery (CRS) with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) in patients with peritoneal carcinomatosis, thermotolerance and chemoresistance might result from heat shock protein overexpression. The aim of the present study was thus to determine whether the heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27), a(More)
Hadrontherapy presents the major advantage of improving tumor sterilization while sparing surrounding healthy tissues because of the particular ballistic (Bragg peak) of carbon ions. However, its efficacy is still limited in the most resistant cancers, such as grade III-IV head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), in which the association of carbon(More)
Running title: Radiobiology and LEM predictions to high LET ions for HNSCC Acknowledgments: We thank all who participated in experiments at GANIL or GSI: Marie-Thérèse Aloy,Bodennec. We also thank Joel Rochat, Joseph Remillieux and Jacques Balosso for their continued assistance in accomplishing this work. We are grateful to the personnel of the 2(More)
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