Learn More
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) type III is an important agent of life-threatening invasive infections. Albeit the immune system plays a dual role in development and protection against disease, mechanisms leading to an efficient immune response against GBS remain obscure. Mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) and primary spleen DCs were used to(More)
Streptococcus suis is an important swine and human pathogen responsible for septicemia and meningitis. In vivo research in mice suggested that in the brain, microglia might be involved in activating the inflammatory response against S. suis. The aim of this study was to better understand the interactions between S. suis and microglia. Murine microglial(More)
Streptococcus suis is a major pathogen of swine, causing mainly meningitis, and it also represents an emerging zoonotic agent. We investigated its ability to induce the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and chemokines by porcine brain microvascular endothelial cells (PBMEC). We demonstrated that live S. suis induced a strong release of interleukin(More)
Streptococcus suis is an emerging zoonotic agent of septicemia and meningitis. Knowledge on host immune responses toward S. suis and strategies used by this pathogen for subversion of these responses is scarce. Here, S. suis modulation of dendritic cell (DC) functions were assessed for the first time. Using S. suis knockout mutants in capsular(More)
Streptococcus suis is an important swine pathogen and an emerging zoonotic agent of septicemia and meningitis. Knowledge on host immune responses towards S. suis, and strategies used by this pathogen for subversion of these responses is scarce. The objective of this study was to identify the immune receptors involved in S. suis recognition by dendritic(More)
Streptococcus suis is a major swine pathogen and important zoonotic agent causing mainly septicemia and meningitis. However, the mechanisms involved in host innate and adaptive immune responses toward S. suis as well as the mechanisms used by S. suis to subvert these responses are unknown. Here, and for the first time, the ability of S. suis to interact(More)
The capsular polysaccharide is a critical virulence factor of the swine and zoonotic pathogen Streptococcus suis serotype 2. The capsule of this bacterium is composed of five different sugars, including terminal sialic acid. To evaluate the role of sialic acid in the pathogenesis of the infection, the neuC gene, encoding for an enzyme essential for sialic(More)
Swine influenza virus (SwIV) is considered a zoonosis and the fact that swine may act as an intermediate reservoir for avian influenza virus, potentially infectious for humans, highlights its relevance and the need to understand the interaction of different influenza viruses with the porcine immune system. Thus, in vitro porcine bone marrow-derived(More)
Group B Streptococcus (GBS) serotype III causes life-threatening infections. Cytokines have emerged as important players for the control of disease, particularly IFN-γ. Although potential sources of this cytokine have been proposed, no specific cell line has ever been described as a leading contributor. In this study, CD4(+) T cell activation profiles in(More)
The pathogenesis of Streptococcus suis infection, a major swine and human pathogen, is only partially understood and knowledge on the host adaptive immune response is critically scarce. Yet, S. suis virulence factors, particularly its capsular polysaccharide (CPS), enable this bacterium to modulate dendritic cell (DC) functions and potentially impair the(More)