Marie-Paule van Damme

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Certain monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to type II collagen (CII) induce arthritis in vivo after passive transfer and have adverse effects on chondrocyte cultures and inhibit self assembly of collagen fibrils in vitro. We have examined whether such mAbs have detrimental effects on pre-existing cartilage. Bovine cartilage explants were cultured over 21 days in(More)
Antibodies to type II collagen (CII) cause articular damage in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) in mice as judged by passive transfer to naive animals of mAb to CII. We tested the hypothesis that mAb degrade cartilage structure by reacting with functionally important regions of the collagen molecule by examining the effects of an arthritogenic mAb to CII,(More)
The cationic protein, lysozyme, is present in cartilage but its precise role in this tissue has not yet been established. This study shows that two major and structurally similar glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) of cartilage, i.e., chondroitin sulfate (CS) and hyaluronan (HA) interact with lysozyme at salt concentrations up to 40 mM. Such a low salt concentration(More)
The cationic protein, lysozyme, has an extracellular distribution in cartilage but its precise role in this tissue has not yet been established. This study describes the dependence of salt concentration on the binding properties of lysozyme isoforms of different cationic charges, isolated from bovine cartilage, to the two major and structurally similar(More)
The cationic protein, lysozyme, has an extracellular distribution in cartilage; however, its biological role in this tissue still remains unclear. This study describes a simple and high yielding procedure for the purification of four novel isoforms of lysozyme from the functionally different articular (metacarpalphalangeal joint) and nonarticular (nasal(More)
Binding of hyaluronan (HA) to lysozyme immobilized on Sepharose-6B was investigated as a function of pH and NaCl concentration. High affinity binding (Kd = 1.0-2.0 x 10(-8) M) was observed at pH 7.5 and at 10-50 mM NaCl; the number of moles of HA bound to lysozyme was twice as high at 30 mM NaCl as at 10 mM. No specific binding was observed at and above 100(More)
OBJECTIVE Some monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to type II collagen (CII) are arthritogenic upon passive transfer to mice. We undertook this study to investigate whether such mAb are pathogenic in the absence of mediators of inflammation. METHODS The arthritogenic mAb CIIC1 and M2139, and the nonarthritogenic mAb CIIF4, each reactive with a distinct and(More)
Pituitary and plasma pools from postmenopausal women and plasma pools from women at midcycle were fractionated by electrofocusing in sucrose density gradients. The biological LH activity was determined in each of the electrofocusing fractions by the use of an in vitro bioassay method. A heterogeneous profile of LH activity was found in both pituitary and(More)
An in vitro bioassay method for hFSH is presented. The method is based on the principles previously described by Dorrington et al. (1976b) and involves the assay of oestradiol produced from 19-hydroxyandrostenedione by dispersed Sertoli cells of 10-day old rats when cultured in the presence of graded doses of FSH. Using the 1st International Reference(More)