Marie-Odile Soyer-Gobillard

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Prenatal diethylstilbestrol (DES)-exposed mice have raised the suspicion of a transgenerational effect in the occurrence of genital malformation in males. This nationwide cohort study in collaboration with a French association of DES-exposed women studied 529 families and showed that a significant proportion of boys born to DES daughters exhibited(More)
Single-celled apicomplexan parasites are known to cause major diseases in humans and animals including malaria, toxoplasmosis, and coccidiosis. The presence of apicoplasts with the remnant of a plastid-like DNA argues that these parasites evolved from photosynthetic ancestors possibly related to the dinoflagellates. Toxoplasma gondii displays(More)
The morphology and behaviour of the chromosomes of dinoflagellates during the cell cycle appear to be unique among eukaryotes. We used synchronized and aphidicolin-blocked cultures of the dinoflagellate Crypthecodinium cohnii to describe the successive morphological changes that chromosomes undergo during the cell cycle. The chromosomes in early G(1) phase(More)
The 5.8 S rRNA gene of Prorocentrum micans, a primitive dinoflagellate, has been cloned and its 159 base pairs (bp) have been sequenced along with the two flanking internal transcribed spacers (ITS 1 and 2), respectively, 212 and 195 bp long. Nucleotide sequence homologies between several previously published 5.8 S rRNA gene sequences including those from(More)
The marine dinoflagellate Prorocentrum micans Ehrenberg was used as a test organism to determine the conditions of use of fluorescence induction kinetic measurements in the study of parathion phytotoxicity. Measurements were taken of the kinetics of slow and fast fluorescence induction in whole cells and isolated chloroplast fragments at various(More)
To define the molecular mechanisms of ribosome biogenesis and to find out in which nucleolar compartment transcription of rDNA occurs, we have performed in situ hybridization (ISH) of RNase-treated cryosections using biotinylated rRNA coding sequences as a probe and the eukaryotic dinoflagellate nucleolar system as a model. Recent data from ISH of(More)
Esterases are involved in the susceptibility or resistance of organisms to organophosphate pesticides. We have examined the action of parathion on the marine dinoflagellates Crypthecodinium cohnii and Prorocentrum micans by looking at their esterases. One-dimensional gel electrophoresis, immunoblotting and cytochemistry plus image analysis were used to(More)
The complete microtubular system of the dinoflagellate Crypthecodinium cohnii Biecheler is described, as seen by confocal laser scanning fluorescence microscopy and labelling with anti-beta-tubulin antibody. This technique allowed us to observe the organization of the subcortical and internal cytoskeletons and the mitotic microtubular system, and their(More)
Genomic DNA of Crypthecodinium cohnii has been extracted in the presence of cetylmethylammonium bromide and hydrolysed by 13 restriction enzymes. No typical ladder-like pattern or isolated band of satellite sequences were found with any of these enzymes. A "mini" genomic DNA library had been made and screened by reverse hybridization to isolate highly(More)
Experiments using monoclonal and polyclonal anti-actin antibodies allowed us to demonstrate the presence of F- or G-actin in original protists, dinoflagellates, either by biochemistry, immunofluorescence and in TEM. SDS-PAGE electrophoresis and immunoblottings made either from total or nuclear protein extracts revealed the presence of a 44-kDa band reacting(More)