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Three experiments investigated face processing in children with Williams syndrome (WS). In Experiment 1, the ability to discriminate different aspects of faces was compared between WS subjects and a group of children individually matched for chronological age (CA-matches) and another group matched for mental age (MA-matches). In Experiments 2 and 3, the(More)
Angelman syndrome (AS) results from lack of genetic contribution from maternal chromosome 15q11-13. This region encompasses three GABAA receptor subunit genes (beta3, alpha5, and gamma3). The characteristic phenotype of AS is severe mental retardation, ataxic gait, tremulousness, and jerky movements. We studied the movement disorder in 11 AS patients, aged(More)
The authors studied 10 patients (mean age 15 years 6 months) with localized developmental gyral disorder detected by MRI. There were two groups of major malformations. Seven patients (group 1) had unilateral 'macrogyric-like' insulo-opercular changes, one of whom died early in life and had extensive microgyria. The six others had mental retardation and(More)
The authors studied 10 patients aged between six and 23 years (mean age 14 years 5 months) with magnetic resonance imaging, which detected bilateral 'macrogyric-like' maldevelopment of the insulo-opercular regions. The data confirm that biopercular gyral anomaly, associated with mental retardation, pseudobulbar palsy (cortical or central) and epilepsy,(More)
We report on the genotype-phenotype correlation in 7 patients with classical lissencephaly carrying a heterozygous subtle mutation in the LIS1 gene. Six patients, showed a mutation predicted to encode for a truncated protein, and one mutation altered a splicing site, resulting in skipping of exon 4. Western blot analysis performed on the lymphoblastoid cell(More)
A 10-year review of a neuropediatric department experience with childhood ischemic cerebrovascular disease identified 35 patients with arterial ischemic stroke. The ability to diagnose stroke in children has improved with the development of imaging techniques in the past few years. Children have a wide array of risk factors for ischemic strokes, since some(More)
We compared epilepsy phenotypes with genotypes of Angelman syndrome (AS), including chromosome 15q11-13 deletions (class I), uniparental disomy (class II), methylation imprinting abnormalities (class III), and mutation in the UBE3A gene (class IV). Twenty patients were prospectively selected based on clinical cytogenetic and molecular diagnosis of AS. All(More)
Benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) is regarded as a benign form of epilepsy because of its usually favorable outcome, in terms of seizures. Eighteen children with BECTS were studied in terms of neuropsychological and learning abilities: intellectual quotient, oral language (phonological production, naming skills, verbal fluency and(More)
A 19-year-old woman complained of long-standing, frequent, debilitating brusque movements triggered by unexpected stimuli. She was neurologically normal and neuroimaging was also normal. Conspicuous startle reactions were easily reproduced under EEG and video monitoring: the interictal EEG was normal, the ictal recordings doubtful; clinically, the startle(More)
Configural visual abilities in thirteen children with Williams syndrome (WS) compared to 13 children matched on mental age and 13 children matched on chronological age. Configural abilities were tested through four tasks (1) Silhouette (2) Fragmented (3) Mooney and (4) overlapping figures. In the first three tasks, it was necessary to take into account the(More)