Marie-Noëlle Leclercq-Perlat

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The aroma of a deacidified cheese medium is the result of the overall perception of a large number of molecules belonging to different classes. The volatile compound composition of (60%) cheese medium (pH 5.8) deacidified by Debaryomyces hansenii (DCM(Dh)) was compared with the one deacidified by Kluyveromyces marxianus (DCM(Km)). It was determined by(More)
Experimental cheeses inoculated with Debaryomyces hansenii and Brevibacterium linens were ripened for 76 d under aseptic conditions. Triplicate cheese-making trials were similar as a result of efficient control of the atmosphere. In all trials, D. hansenii grew rapidly during the first 2 d and then slowed, but growth remained exponential until d 10(More)
Cheese ripening is a complex biochemical process driven by microbial communities composed of both eukaryotes and prokaryotes. Surface-ripened cheeses are widely consumed all over the world and are appreciated for their characteristic flavor. Microbial community composition has been studied for a long time on surface-ripened cheeses, but only limited(More)
Phenomena generating FFAs, important flavour precursors, are significant in cheese ripening. In Camembert-like cheeses, it was intended to establish the relationships between the dynamics of FFA concentrations changes and the succession of ripening microflora during ripening. Experimental Camembert-type cheeses were prepared in duplicate from pasteurised(More)
Model smear soft cheeses, prepared with Debaryomyces hansenii and Brevibacterium linens as ripening starters, were ripened under aseptic conditions. Results of the cheese-making trials, in triplicate, were similar and showed similar patterns of protein degradation. In all of the trials, the acid-soluble nitrogen and nonprotein nitrogen (NPN) indexes and NH3(More)
A holistic approach of a mould cheese ripening is presented. The objective was to establish relationships between the different microbiological and biochemical changes during cheese ripening. Model cheeses were prepared from pasteurized milk inoculated with Kluyveromyces lactis, Geotrichum candidum, Penicillium camemberti and Brevibacterium linens under(More)
The color of smear cheeses (Muenster) is traditionally thought to be due to the bacterial flora, e.g., Brevibacterium linens. This study was carried out to evaluate indirect effects of yeast on the color of B. linens. A 60% cheese medium was desacidified with Debaryomyces hansenii or Kluyveromyces marxianus until pH 5.8 was reached. After inactivation of(More)
The growth of five bacteria isolated from red-smear cheeses, Brevibacterium aurantiacum, Corynebacterium casei, Corynebacterium variabile, Microbacterium gubbeenense and Staphylococcus saprophyticus in mixed cultures with Debaryomyces hansenii on aseptic model cheese curd at 10 and 14 degrees C was investigated. At both temperatures, C. casei and Micro.(More)
Camembert-type cheeses were prepared from pasteurized milk seeded with Kluyveromyces lactis, Geotrichum candidum, Penicillium camemberti, and Brevibacterium aurantiacum. Microorganism growth and biochemical dynamics were studied in relation to ripening chamber CO(2) atmospheric composition using 31 descriptors based on kinetic data. The chamber ripening was(More)
This study compares the colouring capacity of Brevibacterium aurantiacum (BA), Brevibacterium BL and Arthrobacter species AS in relation to deacidified media made from lactic curd (Epoisses), mixed curds (Munster) and rennet curds (Livarot or Reblochon). BA colouring capacity proved to be constant, leading to a dark orange colour, irrespective of the(More)