Marie McKeon

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Total body ionizing irradiation (TBI) between 2-8 Gy causes the hematopoietic component of the acute radiation syndrome (ARS) in humans. Here we report on an exploratory study with 5-androstenediol (AED) in rhesus monkeys exposed to 4 Gy (60)Co gamma TBI. In this study, the effects of two formulations administered 3-4 h after irradiation were evaluated.(More)
During interlaboratory validation trials for the Pig-a gene mutation assay we assessed the genotoxicity of 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO) across endpoints in multiple tissues: induction of Pig-a mutant red blood cells (RBCs) and reticulocytes (RETs); micronucleated RETs (MN RETs); and DNA damage in blood and liver via the alkaline Comet assay (%tail(More)
Erythrocyte-based micronucleus tests have traditionally been performed with bone marrow specimens, since, in most preclinical animal models, the spleen can efficiently remove aberrant erythrocytes from the circulation. Even so, evidence is mounting that by examining tens of thousands of young (CD71-positive) circulating reticulocytes for the presence of(More)
guidelines established...”2. The PHS Policy goes on to state in section 495(b)(3)(A) that the IACUC should “review the care and treatment of animals in all animal study areas and facilities of the research entity at least semiannually to evaluate compliance with applicable guidelines established...”2. In addition, the Guide states that “the IACUC is(More)
As part of the Stage III Pig-a multilaboratory validation trial, we examined the induction of CD59-negative reticulocytes and total red blood cells (RET(CD59-) and RBC(CD59-) , respectively) in male Sprague Dawley(®) rats treated with 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4NQO), for 28 consecutive days by oral gavage, at doses of 1.25, 2.50, 3.75, 5.00, and 7.50 mg(More)
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