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In order to localize the epitopes of equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) involved in interaction with luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) receptors, we used 14 monoclonal anti-eCG antibodies (mAbs). Different effects of these mAbs on the bioactivities of eCG were observed in in vitro bioassays, but the effects of each mAb on the(More)
It is assumed that modern life forms arose from a molecular ancestor in which RNA molecules both stored genetic information and catalyzed biochemical reactions. In modern cells, these functions are carried out, respectively, by DNA and proteins, but diverse cellular RNAs are also involved in key cellular functions. In this paper, we review the cellular RNAs(More)
Water distribution Networks (WDNs) are critical infrastructures that are exposed to deliberate or accidental contamination. Until now, no monitoring system is capable of protecting a WDN in real time. In the immediate future water service utilities that are installing water quantity and quality sensors in their networks will be producing a continuous and(More)
An essential question in studies on the origins of life is how nucleic acids were first synthesized and then incorporated into compartments about 4 billion years ago. A recent discovery is that guided polymerization within organizing matrices could promote a non-enzymatic condensation reaction allowing the formation of RNA-like polymers, followed by(More)
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