Marie-Marcelle Deschamps

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OBJECTIVES To describe the effectiveness of a program designed to reduce the rate of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV at the primary HIV testing and treatment center in Haiti between 1999 and 2004. METHODS All pregnant, HIV-positive women who attended the major HIV testing and treatment clinic in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, between March 1999 and(More)
BACKGROUND A previous study at the GHESKIO HIV clinic confirmed that highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) prophylaxis reduced mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) and infant mortality in Haiti. This analysis looks at maternal outcomes in this cohort after delivery. METHODS Records of 508 HIV-positive Haitian women who delivered between 1999 and(More)
BACKGROUND Haiti is a country with a heavy burden of HIV infection in childbearing women. Previous studies have shown that early infant deaths are common in children of HIV-infected women. This study was designed to define the rates of and risk factors for systemic bacterial and mycobacterial infection in such children and to identify the causative agents.(More)
In Haiti, as in most of the developing world, vertical transmission of HIV from infected mother to infant through postpartum breastfeeding remains a significant mode of transmission. As part of their prevention of mother-to-child transmission program, the Groupe Haitien d'Etude du Sarcome de Kaposi et des Infections Opportunistes (GHESKIO) Centers developed(More)
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere and has the highest number of people living with HIV in the Caribbean, the region most impacted by HIV outside of Africa. Despite continuous political, socioeconomic and natural catastrophes, Haiti has mounted a very successful response to the HIV epidemic. Prevention and treatment strategies(More)
Psychological trauma resulting from natural disasters can negatively affect the health of persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH). This study examined relationships of alcohol use and exposure to the 2010 Haiti earthquake on symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among HIV-positive adults enrolled in an intervention study. Baseline data were collected(More)
BACKGROUND Guidelines recommend antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation at CD4 <350 cells per microliter for HIV-infected individuals in resource-limited settings. However, funding for treatment expansion remains uncertain. We forecast the mortality impact of ART expansion alternatives in Haiti. METHODS We used data from Haiti to develop a(More)
There is a critical need to deliver empirically validated interventions to underserved populations. Haiti, the country most heavily affected by the AIDS epidemic in the Caribbean, accounts for approximately 50% of all cases in the region. Poverty, disparities in access to healthcare, and socio-political instability are among the reasons why the country has(More)
Background. Preventing mother-to-child transmission of HIV relies on engagement in care during the prenatal, peripartum, and postpartum periods. Under PMTCT Option B, pregnant women with elevated CD4 counts are provided with antiretroviral prophylaxis until cessation of breastfeeding. Methods. Retrospective analysis of retention in care among HIV-infected(More)
The incidence of HIV infections in the Caribbean, derived from official reports and selected studies, is assessed. AIDS has been reported in all countries except British Virgin Islands and Montserrat (excluding Bermuda and Puerto Rico). Cuba is the only country with a national survey: 147 cases out of 1 million were reported seropositive. Expressed by(More)