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Comprehensive determination of the microbial composition of the gut microbiota and the relationships with health and disease are major challenges in the 21st century. Metagenomic analysis of the human gut microbiota detects mostly uncultured bacteria. We studied stools from two lean Africans and one obese European, using 212 different culture conditions(More)
In this study we analyzed gene expression in 3T3-F442A pre-adipocyte cells that differentiate in the presence of micro-molar arsenate concentration. Two concentrations of arsenite (As2O3, 0.25 μmol/L and 0.5 μmol/L) were applied for three days with and without insulin (170 nmol/L) and gene expressions were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR. The genes(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is associated with increased health risk and has been associated with alterations in bacterial gut microbiota, with mainly a reduction in Bacteroidetes, but few data exist at the genus and species level. It has been reported that the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium genus representatives may have a critical role in weight regulation as(More)
BACKGROUND Genus and species level analysis is the best way to characterize alterations in the human gut microbiota that are associated with obesity, because the clustering of obese and lean microbiotas increases with the taxonomic depth of the analysis. Bifidobacterium genus members have been associated with a lean status, whereas different Lactobacillus(More)
OBJECTIVE Overproduction of intestinally derived apoB-48-containing triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRLs) (chylomicrons) has recently been described in type 2 diabetes, as is known for hepatic TRL-apoB-100 (very-low-density lipoprotein) production. Furthermore, insulin acutely inhibits both intestinal and hepatic TRL production, whereas this acute(More)
Arsenic exposure is associated with several human diseases and particularly, with neoplasia. Although the mechanism of arsenic toxicity is not fully understood, several recent works pointed out the involvement of oxidative stress in arsenic-induced DNA damage that, in living cells, correlates with changes in gene expressions. In cultured human fibroblasts(More)
Neotenic amphibians such as the axolotl (Ambystoma mexicanum) are often unable to undergo metamorphosis under natural conditions. It is thought that neoteny represents a deviation from the standard course of amphibian ontogeny, affecting the thyroid axis at different levels from the central nervous system to peripheral organs. Thyroid hormone receptors(More)
OBJECTIVE The dyslipidemia of obesity and other insulin-resistant states is characterized by the elevation of plasma triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL) of both hepatic (apoB-100-containing very low-density lipoprotein) and intestinal (apoB-48-containing chylomicrons) origin. Bariatric surgery is a well-established and effective modality for the treatment(More)
AIMS To determine plasma levels of apoprotein (apo) C-II and apoprotein C-III in Type 2 diabetic patients and to examine the clinical and biological factors that are associated with elevated apoC concentrations. METHODS We measured apoC-II and apoC-III in total plasma and in non-high-density lipoprotein fractions by an immunoturbidimetric assay in 88(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our study was to determine whether eating behaviors and/or physical activity level may explain contradicting results in adipocytokines levels in anorexia nervosa (AN). SUBJECTS/METHODS Fasting levels of circulating adipocytokines (adiponectin, resistin and leptin), insulin, glucose, C-reactive protein, cytokines (tumor necrosis(More)