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Type IV pili are polymeric fibers which protrude from the cell surface and play a critical role in adhesion and invasion by pathogenic bacteria. The secretion of pili across the periplasm and outer membrane is mediated by a specialized secretin protein, PilQ, but the way in which this large channel is formed is unknown. Using NMR, we derived the structures(More)
PEGylation of therapeutic proteins is commonly used to extend half-lives and to reduce immunogenicity. However, reports of antibodies toward PEGylated proteins and of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) accumulation suggest that efficacy and safety concerns may arise. To understand the relationship among the pharmacology, immunogenicity, and toxicology of PEGylated(More)
SRSF2 is a prototypical SR protein which plays important roles in the alternative splicing of pre-mRNA. It has been shown to be involved in regulatory pathways for maintaining genomic stability and play important roles in regulating key receptors in the heart. We report here the solution structure of the RNA recognition motifs (RRM) domain of free human(More)
Glucokinase (GCK) acts as a glucose sensor and stimulates the release of insulin from pancreatic β-cells and any GCK gene mutations can lead to different forms of diabetes, such as GCK-monogenic diabetes of the young type 2 (MODY2), permanent neonatal diabetes and congenital hyperinsulinism. Many MODY2 causing mutations display a variation in the degree of(More)
The structure and Mg(2+) binding properties of a conserved 75mer RNA motif of the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) element of encephalomyocarditis virus picornavirus have been investigated by (1)H-NMR and UV melting experiments. The assignment of the imino proton resonances with characteristic chemical shift dispersion for canonical and non-canonical(More)
Factor I-like modules (FIMs) of complement proteins C6, C7, and factor I participate in protein-protein interactions critical to the progress of a complement-mediated immune response to infections and other trauma. For instance, the carboxyl-terminal FIM pair of C7 (C7-FIMs) binds to the C345C domain of C5 and its activated product, C5b, during(More)
Mouse urine contains highly polymorphic major urinary proteins that have multiple functions in scent communication through their abilities to bind, transport and release hydrophobic volatile pheromones. The mouse genome encodes for about 20 of these proteins and are classified, based on amino acid sequence similarity and tissue expression patterns, as(More)
Synapse-associated protein 97 (SAP97) is a membrane-associated guanylate kinase protein that interacts with other proteins such as ion channels, subunits of glutamate receptors, and other cytoskeletal proteins and molecular scaffolds. The molecular diversity of SAP97 results from alternative splicing at the N-terminus, and in the U1 and U5 regions. There(More)
MUPs (major urinary proteins) play an important role in chemical signalling in rodents and possibly other animals. In the house mouse (Mus musculus domesticus) MUPs in urine and other bodily fluids trigger a range of behavioural responses that are only partially understood. There are at least 21 Mup genes in the C57BL/6 mouse genome, all located on(More)