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The fatty acid composition of the temperate calcareous marine sponge Leuconia johnstoni Carter 1871 (Calcaronea, Calcarea) was characterized for the first time in specimens collected off the Brittany coast of France over four years from October 2005 to September 2008. Forty-one fatty acids (FA) with chain lengths ranging from C14 to C22 were identified as… (More)
In the last decade, the notion that microtubules are critical to the spatial organization of signal transduction and contribute to the transmission of signals to downstream targets has been proposed. Because the STAT5B transduction and transcription factor is the major STAT protein activated by growth hormone stimulation in hepatocytes and is a crossroads… (More)
A broad variety of natural parabens, including four novel structures and known ethyl and butyl parabens, were obtained from culture of a Microbulbifer sp. bacterial strain isolated from the temperate calcareous marine sponge Leuconia nivea (Grant 1826). Their structures were elucidated from spectral analysis, including mass spectrometry and 1D and 2D… (More)
Chemical investigation of the Mediterranean calcareous sponge Clathrina clathrus led to the isolation of large amounts of a new 2-aminoimidazole alkaloid, named clathridimine (1), along with the known clathridine (2) and its zinc complex (3). The structure of the new metabolite was assigned by detailed spectroscopic analysis. Clathridimine (1) displayed… (More)
Biological and chemical investigations of the methanolic crude extract of the Red Sea marine sponge Hyrtios erectus led to the isolation of a novel azepino-indole-type alkaloid named hyrtiazepine (2) and 5-hydroxy-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid methyl ester (3), together with the known metabolites hyrtiosulawesine (1), 5-hydroxyindole-3-carbaldehyde (4),… (More)
Two new indole spermidine alkaloids, didemnidines A (1) and B (2), have been isolated from the New Zealand ascidian Didemnum sp. The structures of the metabolites, determined by analysis of 2D NMR spectra and confirmed via synthesis, embody an indole-3-glyoxylamide moiety linked to the N(1) position of spermidine, the latter motif being particularly rare… (More)
An overview of the chemistry and microbiology of calcareous sponges (Calcispongiae) is provided, highlighting the potential of these sessile filter-feeding marine invertebrates and their associated bacteria for the discovery of new bioactive natural products. 103 compounds are presented and 116 references cited.
The treatment of chemoresistant tumors represents an important challenge in the field of oncology. Primary or acquired overexpression of ATP-dependent transporters, in particular P-glycoprotein (Pgp, MDR1 protein), is a major cause of multidrug resistance and reduced patient survival. Sustained efforts have thereby been undertaken to find agents overcoming… (More)
Combining culture-dependent and independent approaches, we investigated for the first time the cultivable fraction of the prokaryotic community associated with the carnivorous sponge Asbestopluma hypogea. The heterotrophic prokaryotes isolated from this tiny sponge were compared between specimens freshly collected from cave and maintained in aquarium.… (More)
The alkaloid harman, previously reported from some marine invertebrates, was identified as the antibiotic substance of the tunicate-associated bacterium Enterococcus faecium. It exhibited antibacterial activity (MIC, 0.017 mM) against the ichthyopathogenic strain Vibrio anguillarum.