Marie-Laure Rosso

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Antimicrobial resistance in Yersinia pestis is rare, yet constitutes a significant international public health and biodefense threat. In 1995, the first multidrug resistant (MDR) isolate of Y. pestis (strain IP275) was identified, and was shown to contain a self-transmissible plasmid (pIP1202) that conferred resistance to many of the antimicrobials(More)
We describe the development of a multilocus sequence typing (MLST) scheme for Corynebacterium diphtheriae, the causative agent of the potentially fatal upper respiratory disease diphtheria. Global changes in diphtheria epidemiology are highlighted by the recent epidemic in the former Soviet Union (FSU) and also by the emergence of nontoxigenic strains(More)
In man, infection by the Gram-negative enteropathogen Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is usually limited to the terminal ileum. However, in immunocompromised patients, the microorganism may disseminate from the digestive tract and thus cause a systemic infection with septicemia. To gain insight into the metabolic pathways and virulence factors expressed by the(More)
Yersinia pestis is the aetiologic agent of plague. Without appropriate treatment, the pathogen rapidly causes septicaemia, the terminal and fatal phase of the disease. In order to identify bacterial genes which are essential during septicaemic plague in humans, we performed a transcriptome analysis on the fully virulent Y. pestis CO92 strain grown in either(More)
Although Yersinia pestis and Yersinia pseudotuberculosis are genetically very similar (97% nucleotide sequence identity for most of the chromosomal genes), they exhibit very different patterns of infection. Y. pestis causes plague which is usually fatal in the absence of treatment, whereas Y. pseudotuberculosis generally triggers non-life-threatening(More)
The acquisition of foreign DNA by horizontal transfer from unrelated organisms is a major source of variation leading to new strains of bacterial pathogens. The extent to which this occurs varies widely, due in part to lifestyle factors that determine exposure to potential donors. Yersinia pestis, the plague bacillus, infects normally sterile sites in its(More)
The High Pathogenicity Island of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis IP32637 was previously shown to be horizontally transferable as part of a large chromosomal segment. We demonstrate here that at low temperature other chromosomal loci, as well as a non-mobilizable plasmid (pUC4K), are also transferable. This transfer, designated GDT4 (Generalized DNA Transfer at(More)
During the course of its infection of the mammalian digestive tract, the entero-invasive, Gram-negative bacterium Yersinia pseudotuberculosis must overcome various hostile living conditions (notably, iron starvation and the presence of antimicrobial compounds produced in situ). We have previously reported that in vitro bacterial growth during iron(More)
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