Marie-Laure Guillemin

Learn More
The extent of changes in genetic diversity and life-history traits associated with farming was investigated in the haploid-diploid red alga, Gracilaria chilensis, cultivated in Chile. This alga belongs to one of the most frequently cultivated seaweed genera around the world. Fifteen farmed populations, 11 wild populations, and two subspontaneous populations(More)
Self-incompatibility (SI) systems are widespread mechanisms that prevent self-fertilization in angiosperms. They are generally encoded by one genome region containing several multiallelic genes, usually called the S-locus. They involve a recognition step between the pollen and the pistil component and pollen is rejected when it shares alleles with the(More)
The Chilean shoreline, a nearly strait line of coast expanding across 35 latitudinal degrees, represents an interesting region to assess historical processes using phylogeographic analyses. Stretching along the temperate section of the East Pacific margin, the region is characterized by intense geologic activity and has experienced drastic geomorphological(More)
In order to better understand the alternation of generations that characterizes haploid–diploid life cycles, we assessed the existence of ecological differences between the two phases (haploid gametophyte and diploid tetrasporophyte) in Gracilaria chilensis, a rhodophyte with a typical Polysiphonia-type life cycle. We investigated the effect of light(More)
A molecular taxonomic study of the bladed Bangiales of the South Eastern Pacific (coast of Chile) was undertaken based on sequence data of the mitochondrial COI and chloroplast rbcL for 193 specimens collected from Arica (18°S) in the north to South Patagonia (53°S) in the south. The results revealed for the first time that four genera, Porphyra, Pyropia,(More)
The history of a domesticated marine macroalga is studied using archaeological, phylogeographic and population genetic tools. Phylogeographic and population genetic analyses demonstrated that the cultivated red alga Gracilaria chilensis colonised the Chilean coast from New Zealand. Combining archaeological observations with phylogeographic data provided(More)
The almost complete isolation of Antarctica after the intensification the Antarctic circumpolar current (ACC) during the middle-Miocene has been challenged by recent molecular data showing the existence of allelic exchange across the ACC. For organisms present on both sides of the ACC, two hypotheses have then been discussed to explain the origin of the(More)
The genus Ectocarpus (Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae) contains filamentous algae widely distributed in marine and estuarine habitats of temperate regions in both hemispheres. While E. siliculosus has become a model organism for genomics and genetics of the brown macroalgae, accurate species delineation, distribution patterns and diversity for the genus(More)
Bulk segregant analysis, random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD), and sequence characterized amplified region (SCAR) methods were used to identify sex-linked molecular markers in the haploid-diploid rhodophyte Gracilaria chilensis C. J. Bird, McLachlan et E. C. Oliveira. One hundred and eighty 10 bp primers were tested on three bulks of DNA: haploid males,(More)
Partial clonality is commonly used in eukaryotes and has large consequences for their evolution and ecology. Assessing accurately the relative importance of clonal vs. sexual reproduction matters for studying and managing such species. Here, we proposed a Bayesian approach, ClonEstiMate, to infer rates of clonality c from populations sampled twice over a(More)