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Isoenzyme analysis was conducted on the tachyzoite stage of 35 Toxoplasma gondii isolates. Fifteen enzyme systems were studied after isoelectrofocusing of tachyzoite extracts in polyacrylamide or agarose gels. Six enzyme systems showed variable electrophoretic patterns: aspartate aminotransferase (EC 2.6.1.1), glutathione reductase (EC 1.6.4.2), glucose(More)
The utility of sequence polymorphisms in the dense granule antigen GRA6 gene as typing markers for Toxoplasma gondii was investigated. The coding region of GRA6 was amplified, sequenced and compared for 30 Toxoplasma strains from eight different zymodemes (Z1-Z8). Sequence alignment identified nucleotide polymorphisms at 24 positions out of 690 bp, which(More)
To study the influence of Toxoplasma gondii genotypes on the severity of human congenital toxoplasmosis (asymptomatic, benign, or severe infection or newborn or fetal death), 8 microsatellite markers were used to analyze 86 T. gondii isolates collected from patients with congenital toxoplasmosis. Seventy-four different genotypes were detected, some(More)
The apicomplexan parasite Toxoplasma gondii was discovered a little over 100 years ago, but knowledge of its biological life cycle and its medical importance has grown in the last 40 years. This obligate intracellular parasite was identified early as a pathogen responsible for congenital infection, but its clinical expression and the importance of(More)
Apicomplexan parasites include many parasites of importance either for livestock or as causative agents of human diseases. The importance of these parasites has been recognised by the European Commission and resulted in support of the COST (Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action 857 'Apicomplexan Biology in the Post-Genomic Era'. In this review we(More)
A multiplex PCR assay was designed for multilocus strain typing of Toxoplasma gondii based on length polymorphism of five microsatellite markers. Eight T. gondii strains already sequenced at these five markers were used as control isolates. This method is simple, rapid, reproducible, and adapted to a large set of isolates.
A retrospective study of 616 patients affected by fasciolosis was carried out to determine the numerical fluctuations of this disease over time, the recruitment of patients, and the modes of infection in a cattle-rearing area under a temperate climate (region of Limousin, central France). The annual number of patients showed irregular fluctuations between(More)
BACKGROUND Well-documented outbreaks of human toxoplasmosis infection are infrequently reported. Here, we describe a community outbreak of multivisceral toxoplasmosis that occurred in Patam, a Surinamese village near the French Guianan border. METHODS From the end of December 2003 through the middle of January 2004, 5 adult patients in Patam, including 2(More)
Marked phenotypic variation characterizes isolates of Toxoplasma gondii, a ubiquitous zoonotic parasite that serves as an important experimental model for studying apicomplexan parasites. Progress in identifying the heritable basis for clinically and epidemiologically significant differences requires a robust system for describing and interpreting(More)
Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most prevalent protozoan parasites in Iran. This study was aimed to isolate T. gondii from a variety of hosts and to genetically analyze the parasite isolates. The prevalence of T. gondii in different animal hosts was assessed in two provinces of Iran, Tehran and Mazandaran in the central and northern parts, respectively. The(More)