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BACKGROUND Targeting CTLA-4 is a recent strategic approach in cancer control: blocking CTLA-4 enhances an antitumor immunity by promoting T-cell activation and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte proliferation. This induction of a tolerance break against the tumor may be responsible for immune-related adverse events (irAEs). Our objective was to assess the incidence and(More)
OBJECTIVE Interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) are proinflammatory cytokines involved in inflammatory response. Effective TNF-α blocker treatment is associated with an increase in circulating myeloid dendritic cells (mDC), suggesting their release from inflamed synovium. Currently, in vivo effects of IL-6 inhibition on DC are unknown. We(More)
It is unanimously accepted that there is an unmet need for pain medications that are both effective and safe. Unfortunately, no really novel analgesics have been approved over the past three decades. In view of both experimental and clinical evidence of a major role for nerve growth factor (NGF) in the generation and maintenance of a wide range of pain(More)
Anti-drug antibodies (ADAbs) develop in up to a third of patients treated with biologic agents, with such immunogenicity being one of the main reasons for the loss of efficacy observed in an important proportion of patients treated with such agents. The appearance of ADAbs has consequences in terms of efficacy and tolerance of the biodrug: the development(More)
INTRODUCTION Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic painful and debilitating autoimmune disease. Although the outcome for patients with RA has improved markedly in the past decades, driven largely by the advent of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and updated management strategies, adequate disease control cannot be achieved in a(More)
Therapies targeting the programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) or its ligand (PD-L1) promote antitumor T-cell activity, leading to unprecedented long-lasting tumor responses in some advanced cancers. Because of radiotherapy and chemotherapy resistance, no effective treatments have been defined for advanced chondrosarcomas. We here report an immunohistochemical(More)
Many medications have been evaluated for the treatment of nonspecific low back pain. The only medications proven to be more effective than a placebo in chronic low back pain are nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), the acetaminophen-tramadol combination, antidepressants other than selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and some types of spinal(More)