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ARG-ANNOT (Antibiotic Resistance Gene-ANNOTation) is a new bioinformatic tool that was created to detect existing and putative new antibiotic resistance (AR) genes in bacterial genomes. ARG-ANNOT uses a local BLAST program in Bio-Edit software that allows the user to analyze sequences without a Web interface. All AR genetic determinants were collected from(More)
Microtubule-associated protein tau is localized to the axon in situ and has been implicated in the development of neuronal polarity. Here we report that tau is extracted differentially in cultured hippocampal neurons yielding an axon-specific localization under conditions that keep the integrity of the plasma membrane. The amount of bound tau increases(More)
A critical feature of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of human tuberculosis (TB), is its ability to survive and multiply within macrophages, making these host cells an ideal niche for persisting microbes. Killing the intracellular tubercle bacilli is a key requirement for efficient tuberculosis treatment, yet identifying potent inhibitors(More)
New therapeutic strategies are needed to combat the tuberculosis pandemic and the spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) forms of the disease, which remain a serious public health challenge worldwide. The most urgent clinical need is to discover potent agents capable of reducing the duration of MDR and XDR tuberculosis(More)
Despite having a reputation of low virulence, Acinetobacter baumannii is an emerging multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogen responsible for community- and hospital-acquired infections that are difficult to control and treat. Interest in this pathogen emerged about one decade ago because of its natural MDR phenotype, its capability of acquiring new mechanisms of(More)
We compare the whole-genome sequences of two multidrug-resistant clinical Acinetobacter baumannii isolates recovered in the same patient before (ABIsac_ColiS susceptible to colistin and rifampin only) and after (ABIsac_ColiR resistant to colistin and rifampin) treatment with colistin and rifampin. We decipher all the molecular mechanisms of antibiotic(More)
OBJECTIVES Our objective was to compare the virulence of 5 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii by using a mouse model of pneumonia. METHODS Six-week old female C3H/HeN mice were used. The pneumonia was inducted by intra-tracheal inoculation of 5.10(6) bacteria. Spontaneous outcome was evaluated by mortality, mice weight variations, and a clinical score.(More)
This study analyzed 42 Acinetobacter baumannii strains collected between 2009-2012 from different hospitals in Beyrouth and North Lebanon to better understand the epidemiology and carbapenem resistance mechanisms in our collection and to compare the robustness of pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST), repetitive(More)
OBJECTIVE It was to determine the antibacterial spectrum of JCA 250 and JCA 251, two naturally occurring compounds from Aroma Technologies research, on a bacterial population isolated from clinical infections. METHOD Two hundred and twenty-four bacterial strains were tested. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of JCA 250 and JCA 251 were(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the molecular epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii strains isolated from different hospitals in Lebanon. METHODS A total of 119 non-duplicate Acinetobacter strains were identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and partial rpoB gene sequencing. Antibiotic(More)