Marie-Josée Angst

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The insular gustatory cortex may be essential for the evaluation of saliency and representation of the incentive values of tastes. Gustatory cortex lesions should interfere with conditioned taste avoidance according to these factors, which depend on the conditioned taste avoidance protocol used. The present study was aimed at investigating the effects of(More)
Prenatal administration of synthetic estrogens in humans as well as lower mammals was reported to alter behavior in adulthood. The alterations remain to be characterized according to specific pathophysiological hypotheses. In this study, three common behavioral models of schizophrenia were tested, i.e., latent inhibition (LI), prepulse inhibition of the(More)
We compared the effect of conditioned taste aversion in rats by measuring the amount of sucrose that they drunk after conditioning, which differed according to whether rats had drunk the sucrose freely (SD: self drinking) during the conditioning session, or had been forced to drink it (IO: intra-oral administration through a chronically implanted cannula).(More)
Recent evidence suggests that epigenetic mechanisms play a role in psychiatric diseases. In this study, we considered rats with neonatal ventral hippocampal lesions (NVHL) that are currently used for modeling neurodevelopmental aspects of schizophrenia. Contribution of epigenetic regulation to the effects of the lesion was investigated, using a histone(More)
C-fos immunoreactivity was used to reveal brain areas in which neurons were influenced by electrical stimulations applied to the dorsal periaqueductal gray. These stimulations were applied in freely moving rats so that the resulting behaviors could be observed. Shortly afterwards, the brains of the rats were processed for C-fos immunoreactivity. In order to(More)
Rats with bilateral neonatal ventral hippocampus lesions (NVHL) are commonly used for modeling developmental aspects of the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Given that functional changes become significant only after puberty, NVHL as well as sham-operated rats were analyzed at the ages of 21, 42 and 63days (i.e. as pups, adolescents and adults), using MRI(More)
Sprague-Dawley rats were submitted to bilateral ventral hippocampus lesions 7 days after birth according to the Lipska and Weinberger's procedure for modeling schizophrenia. The aim of the present work was to better characterize their learning capacity. A double latent inhibition study was conducted using respectively conditioned taste aversion and(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of propofol on memory for aversive information are not well determined. The authors evaluated the effects of a minimal nonsedative dose of propofol or midazolam on memory in rats, using an apparatus composed of two compartments: a large bright anxiogenic one and a small dark neutral one. METHODS Groups of rat received propofol (9(More)
Rats with a bilateral neonatal ventral hippocampus lesion (NVHL) are used as models of neurobiological aspects of schizophrenia. In view of their decreased number of GABAergic interneurons, we hypothesized that they would show increased reactivity to acoustic stimuli. We systematically characterized the acoustic reactivity of NVHL rats and sham operated(More)
This work concerns the debate surrounding the modified pain reactivity of patients with schizophrenia and other possible perceptive distortions. Rats with a neonatal ventral hippocampal lesion (NVHL) were used to model the neuro-developmental aspect of schizophrenia, and their reactivity to various stimuli was evaluated. The results could also help(More)