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We previously showed that chronic psychostimulant exposure induces the transcription factor DeltaFosB in gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons of the caudal tier of the ventral tegmental area (VTA). This subregion was defined as the tail of the VTA (tVTA). In the present study, we showed that tVTA can also be visualized by analyzing FosB/DeltaFosB(More)
Electrophysiological evidence suggests that the spinoparabrachioamygdaloid pathway carries nociceptive information that may be important for the elaboration of physiological and emotional responses to noxious events. The pontine parabrachial nucleus (pPB) sends a massive projection to the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA) and lateral bed nucleus of the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The tail of the ventral tegmental area (tVTA), also called the rostromedial tegmental nucleus, is a newly defined brain structure and a potential control centre for dopaminergic activity. It was identified by the induction of DeltaFosB following chronic cocaine exposure. In this work, we screened 20 drugs for their ability to induce(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid-contacting neurons (CSFcNs) occur in various brain regions of lower vertebrates. In mammals, they are restricted to medullospinal areas, and little is known about their projection sites. In the present work, we investigated some morphofunctional characteristics of such neurons in the rat spinal cord by light and electron microscopic(More)
UNLABELLED In animal studies, thermal sensitivity is mostly evaluated on the basis of nociceptive reaction latencies in response to a given thermal aversive stimulus. However, these techniques may be inappropriate to differentiate allodynia from hyperalgesia or to provide information differentiating the activation of nociceptor subtypes. The recent(More)
DeltaFosB, a stable splice variant of FosB, has been proposed to mediate persistent brain adaptation in response to several chronic perturbations, but it has not yet been considered in the context of sustained pain. Inflammatory pain induces neuronal plasticity that can result in persistent alteration of nociceptive pathways. This neuronal plasticity can(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pain is clinically associated with the development of affective disorders. However, studies in animal models of neuropathic pain are contradictory and the relationship with mood disorders remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to characterize the affective consequences of neuropathic pain over time and to study potential underlying(More)
The central extended amygdala, a forebrain macrostructure, may represent a common substrate for acute drug reward and the dysphoric effects of drug withdrawal. To test its involvement during opiate withdrawal, we studied the distribution of c-Fos immunoreactive neurons, in relation to their neuropeptide content, in brain sections from morphine-dependent or(More)
OBJECTIVE Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) are one of the first-line pharmacological treatments against neuropathic pain. TCAs increase the extracellular concentrations of noradrenaline and serotonin by blocking the reuptake transporters of these amines. However, the precise downstream mechanism leading to the therapeutic action remains identified. In this(More)
Neuropathic pain is a disease caused by a lesion or dysfunction of the nervous system. Antidepressants or anticonvulsants are presently the best available treatments. The mechanism by which antidepressants relieve neuropathic pain remains poorly understood. Using pharmacological and transgenic approaches in mice, we evaluated adrenergic receptor (AR)(More)