Marie Jeanne Richard

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Plasma selenium (Se), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) levels and antioxidant metalloenzymes, glutathione peroxidase (GPX) and superoxide dismutase (SOD), were studied in 17 patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) (group I), 14 uremic patients (group II) and 14 healthy subjects (group III). Plasma Se levels and erythrocyte GPX were significantly lower in the HD(More)
Recent data showed that soccer players in Italy had an unusually high risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and that repeated head trauma might have contributed to this increase. The authors examined whether head injury was related to ALS risk in a case-control study of 109 New England ALS cases diagnosed in 1993-1996 and 255 matched controls. They(More)
The determination of thiobarbituric acid reactants (TBARs) is a widely used method for investigating overall lipid peroxidation. An assay kit that could be used with plasma and lipid fractions would facilitate standardization of the method. The results reported here indicate that the malondialdehyde (MDA) kit manufactured by Sobioda (Grenoble, France)(More)
The tumor suppressor p53 is a transcription factor which binds DNA through a structurally complex domain stabilized by a zinc atom. Zinc chelation disrupts the architecture of this domain, inducing the protein to adopt an immunological phenotype identical to that of many mutant forms of p53. In this report, we used 65Zn to show that incorporation of zinc(More)
The p53 tumour suppressor protein exerts multiple, antiproliferative effects in response to genotoxic exposures. Reactive oxygen intermediates (ROI) play several distinct roles in the p53 pathway. First, they are important activators of p53 through their capacity to induce DNA strand breaks. Second, they regulate the DNA-binding activity of p53 by(More)
The transcription factor p53 controls the proliferation and survival of cells exposed to DNA damage. The specific DNA-binding domain of p53 (residues 102-292) has a complex tertiary structure that is stabilized by zinc. In this study, we showed that exposure of cultured cells to the membrane-permeable chelator N,N,N',(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of vitamin E in rats fed a high fructose diet which leads to insulin resistance, on some components of the free radical defense system and on insulin sensitivity. The rats (postweaning, 50 g) were divided into three groups: the control group (C, n = 16), which received a purified diet containing 60(More)
Photodynamic-induced cytotoxicity by hypericin (HYP) was studied on three human melanoma cell lines: one pigmented cell line (G361) and two amelanotic cell lines (M18 and M6). No significant variation in the rate of uptake and in the maximum level of HYP incorporation for the different cells was observed. In the dark, no cytotoxicity was observed in the(More)
Quinolones (Qs) were shown to have cytotoxic effects in various cell lines including human carcinoma cells; however, mechanism of these effects was not fully understood. To investigate the possibility of the involvement of an oxidative stress induction in this mechanism of action, we examined viability of human fibroblast cells exposed to a Q antibiotic,(More)
Recently there has been growing interest in the effects of antioxidants on insulin activity. In the present study, we investigated the effect of metformin on free radical activity and insulin sensitivity in high fructose-fed rats, a diet that leads to insulin resistance. The animals were divided into four groups (n = 16 per group; experiment duration = 6(More)