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Mutations in the p53 tumor suppressor gene are commonly found in the major human cancers and the mutational spectrum in some cancer types is consistent with the genotoxic effects of the associated environmental risk factors. Thus far there is little information on p53 mutations in cancers of factory workers with a history of carcinogen exposure in the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver progenitor cells may be important in carcinogenesis resulting from human chronic liver diseases. The HepaRG cell line has been established from a liver tumor associated with chronic hepatitis C. We observed that these cells showed an evident morphological heterogeneity, displaying both hepatocyte-like and biliary-like epithelial(More)
Vinyl chloride (VC) is a human carcinogen known to undergo metabolism by cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) to reactive intermediates that can cause oncogene and tumor suppressor gene mutations and that are further metabolized by acetaldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) and glutathione-S-transferases (GSTs) to non-mutagenic end products. These metabolic enzymes have(More)
We have recently demonstrated a significant dose-response relationship between vinyl chloride exposure and mutant p53 biomarkers in humans. The aim of this study was to examine a common polymorphism in the DNA repair gene XRCC1 as a potential biomarker of susceptibility modifying this relationship, consistent with the known mechanism of production of p53(More)
The authors have recently demonstrated a significant gene-environment interaction between vinyl chloride exposure and polymorphisms in the DNA repair protein XRCC1 on the occurrence of mutant p53 biomarkers of vinyl chloride-induced genetic damage. The aim of this study was to examine the polymorphisms in the glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) as potential(More)
Vinyl chloride is a potent hepatocarcinogen which reacts with DNA to generate etheno bases. In order to determine whether mutational patterns in target genes in vivo are characteristic of vinyl chloride and could be explained by the mutagenic properties of the etheno bases, human and rat liver tumours associated with exposure to vinyl chloride were analysed(More)
Gap junctional intercellular communication is often impaired in cancers, and the genes which encode the connexin gap junction proteins are considered to be tumor-suppressor genes. In this study, we analyzed the presence of mutations in the connexin 37 (Cx37) gene in 22 human hepatic angiosarcomas, 6 and 4 of which were associated with exposure to vinyl(More)
BACKGROUND The p53 tumor suppressor gene (also known as TP53) is often mutated in a wide variety of cancers, including angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL). Anti-p53 antibodies have been detected in the sera of patients with leukemia, childhood lymphoma, or cancers such as those of the breast, lung, colon, esophagus, and liver (hepatocellular carcinoma). (More)
Thirty five cases of tennis elbow (17 unilateral, nine bilateral) were studied with infrared thermography and isotopic bone scanning. A hot focus was visualised in 16 of 17 cases of unilateral tennis elbow (94%) and in all nine cases of bilateral tennis elbow (100%) on infrared thermography, and abnormal increased epicondylar activity seen in 12 of 17 (71%)(More)